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--- a/www/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.html
+++ b/www/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.html
@@ -1,323 +1,259 @@
-<!DOCTYPE HTML>
+<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" lang="en">
- <!--meta name="copyright" content="CAcert Inc http://www.cacert.org/" -->
<title>Certification Practice Statement (CPS)</title>
-
-<!--[if lt IE 9]>
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- margin-left:auto;
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+ <style type="text/css">
+ <!--
+ body {
+ font-family : verdana, helvetica, arial, sans-serif;
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+ color : steelblue;
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+ color : gray;
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+ -->
+ </style>
+</head>
+<body>
-.size1{
- font-size: 1.1em;
- }
+<h1>CAcert CPS and CP</h1>
+<div class="comment">
+<table width="100%">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<td rowspan="2">
+ Name: CPS <a style="color: steelblue" href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ControlledDocumentList.html">COD6</a>
+<br>
+ Creation Date : 20060726, drafted at 20091108
+<br>
+ Editor: NN
+<br>
+ Status: POLICY <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDecisions#p20140731">p20140731</a>
+<br>
+ Licence: <a style="color: steelblue" href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Policy#Licence" title="this document is Copyright © CAcert Inc., licensed openly under CC-by-sa with all disputes resolved under DRP. More at wiki.cacert.org/Policy">CC-by-sa+DRP</a>
-.size3{
- font-size: 2em;
- }
+</td>
+<td align="right" valign="top">
+ <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CPS Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+</a>
+ </td>
+ </tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+</div>
-.u{
- text-decoration:underline;
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- font-weight: bold;
- text-align: center;
- color: #666;
-}
-</style>
+<font size="-1">
+<ol>
-</head>
-<body>
+<li> <a href="#p1">INTRODUCTION</a>
+<ul>
-<header>
+<li><a href="#p1.1">1.1. Overview</a></li>
-<table style="width: 100%;">
-<tr>
-<td>Name: CAcert CPS and CP <a style="color: steelblue" href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ControlledDocumentList.html">COD6</a><br />
-Status: DRAFT&nbsp;<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDecisions#p20091108">p20091108</a>, DRAFT&nbsp;<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDecisions#p20111113">p20111113</a><br />
-Caveat: this document is already <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.html">on the main website in DRAFT</a>. p20111113.<br />
-Creation date: 20060726<br />
-Changes: <span class="change">p20111113, 20130309</span><br />
-Licence: <a style="color: steelblue" href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Policy#Licence" title="this document is Copyright &copy; CAcert Inc., licensed openly under CC-by-sa with all disputes resolved under DRP. More at wiki.cacert.org/Policy" > CC-by-sa+DRP </a>
-</td>
-<td class="r">
- <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html"><img src="images/cacert-draft.png" alt="CPS Status - DRAFT" height="31" width="88" style="border-style: none;" /></a>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</table>
+<li><a href="#p1.2">1.2. Document name and identification</a></li>
-<br />
+<li><a href="#p1.3">1.3. PKI participants</a> </li>
+<li><a href="#p1.4">1.4. Certificate usage</a> </li>
-<h1>CAcert CPS and CP</h1>
+<li><a href="#p1.5">1.5. Policy administration</a> </li>
-<!-- $Id: CertificationPracticeStatement.html,v 1.3 2012-07-27 16:00:29 wytze Exp $ -->
+<li><a href="#p1.6">1.6. Definitions and acronyms</a></li>
+ </ul>
+ </li>
+<li> <a href="#p2">PUBLICATION AND REPOSITORY RESPONSIBILITIES</a>
-<nav style="font-size: 12pt;">
+<ul>
-<ol>
- <li> <a href="#p1">INTRODUCTION</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p1.1">1.1. Overview</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p1.2">1.2. Document name and identification</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p1.3">1.3. PKI participants</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p1.4">1.4. Certificate usage</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p1.5">1.5. Policy administration</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p1.6">1.6. Definitions and acronyms</a></li>
- </ul>
- </li>
- <li> <a href="#p2">PUBLICATION AND REPOSITORY RESPONSIBILITIES</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p2.1">2.1. Repositories</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p2.2">2.2. Publication of certification information</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p2.3">2.3. Time or frequency of publication</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p2.4">2.4. Access controls on repositories</a></li>
+<li><a href="#p2.1">2.1. Repositories</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p2.2">2.2. Publication of certification information</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p2.3">2.3. Time or frequency of publication</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p2.4">2.4. Access controls on repositories</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li> <a href="#p3">IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION (I&amp;A)</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p3.1">3.1. Naming</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p3.2">3.2. Initial Identity Verification</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p3.3">3.3. I&amp;A for Re-key Requests</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p3.4">3.4. I&amp;A for Revocation Request</a></li>
+
+<li> <a href="#p3">IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION (I&amp;A)</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p3.1">3.1. Naming</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p3.2">3.2. Initial Identity Verification</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p3.3">3.3. I&amp;A for Re-key Requests</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p3.4">3.4. I&amp;A for Revocation Request</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p4">CERTIFICATE LIFE-CYCLE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p4.1">4.1. Certificate Application</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.2">4.2. Certificate application processing</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.3">4.3. Certificate issuance</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.4">4.4. Certificate acceptance</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.5">4.5. Key pair and certificate usage</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.6">4.6. Certificate renewal</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.7">4.7. Certificate re-key</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.8">4.8. Certificate modification</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.9">4.9. Certificate revocation and suspension</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.10">4.10. Certificate status services</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p4.11">4.11. End of subscription</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p4.12">4.12. Key escrow and recovery</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4">CERTIFICATE LIFE-CYCLE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.1">4.1. Certificate Application</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.2">4.2. Certificate application processing</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.3">4.3. Certificate issuance</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.4">4.4. Certificate acceptance</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.5">4.5. Key pair and certificate usage</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.6">4.6. Certificate renewal</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.7">4.7. Certificate re-key</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.8">4.8. Certificate modification</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.9">4.9. Certificate revocation and suspension</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.10">4.10. Certificate status services</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.11">4.11. End of subscription</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p4.12">4.12. Key escrow and recovery</a> </li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p5">FACILITY, MANAGEMENT, AND OPERATIONAL CONTROLS</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p5.1">5.1. Physical controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.2">5.2. Procedural controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.3">5.3. Personnel controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.4">5.4. Audit logging procedures</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.5">5.5. Records archival</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.6">5.6. Key changeover</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p5.7">5.7. Compromise and disaster recovery</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p5.8">5.8. CA or RA termination</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5">FACILITY, MANAGEMENT, AND OPERATIONAL CONTROLS</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.1">5.1. Physical controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.2">5.2. Procedural controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.3">5.3. Personnel controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.4">5.4. Audit logging procedures</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.5">5.5. Records archival</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.6">5.6. Key changeover</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.7">5.7. Compromise and disaster recovery</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p5.8">5.8. CA or RA termination</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p6">TECHNICAL SECURITY CONTROLS</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p6.1">6.1. Key pair generation and installation</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.2">6.2. Private Key Protection and Cryptographic Module Engineering Controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.3">6.3. Other aspects of key pair management</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.4">6.4. Activation data</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.5">6.5. Computer security controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.6">6.6. Life cycle technical controls</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p6.7">6.7. Network security controls</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p6.8">6.8. Time-stamping</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6">TECHNICAL SECURITY CONTROLS</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.1">6.1. Key pair generation and installation</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.2">6.2. Private Key Protection and Cryptographic Module Engineering Controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.3">6.3. Other aspects of key pair management</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.4">6.4. Activation data</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.5">6.5. Computer security controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.6">6.6. Life cycle technical controls</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.7">6.7. Network security controls</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p6.8">6.8. Time-stamping</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p7">CERTIFICATE, CRL, AND OCSP PROFILES</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p7.1">7.1. Certificate profile</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p7.2">7.2. CRL profile</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p7.3">7.3. OCSP profile</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p7">CERTIFICATE, CRL, AND OCSP PROFILES</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p7.1">7.1. Certificate profile</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p7.2">7.2. CRL profile</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p7.3">7.3. OCSP profile</a> </li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p8">COMPLIANCE AUDIT AND OTHER ASSESSMENTS</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p8.1">8.1. Frequency or circumstances of assessment</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p8.2">8.2. Identity/qualifications of assessor</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p8.3">8.3. Assessor's relationship to assessed entity</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p8.4">8.4. Topics covered by assessment</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p8.5">8.5. Actions taken as a result of deficiency</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p8.6">8.6. Communication of results</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8">COMPLIANCE AUDIT AND OTHER ASSESSMENTS</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.1">8.1. Frequency or circumstances of assessment</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.2">8.2. Identity/qualifications of assessor</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.3">8.3. Assessor's relationship to assessed entity</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.4">8.4. Topics covered by assessment</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.5">8.5. Actions taken as a result of deficiency</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p8.6">8.6. Communication of results</a></li>
</ul>
</li>
- <li><a href="#p9">OTHER BUSINESS AND LEGAL MATTERS</a>
- <ul>
- <li><a href="#p9.1">9.1. Fees</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.2">9.2. Financial responsibility</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.3">9.3. Confidentiality of business information</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.4">9.4. Privacy of personal information</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.5">9.5. Intellectual property rights</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.6">9.6. Representations and warranties</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.7">9.7. Disclaimers of warranties</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.8">9.8. Limitations of liability</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.9">9.9. Indemnities</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.10">9.10. Term and termination</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.11">9.11. Individual notices and communications with participants</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.12">9.12. Amendments</a> </li>
- <li><a href="#p9.13">9.13. Dispute resolution provisions</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.14">9.14. Governing law</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.15">9.15. Compliance with applicable law</a></li>
- <li><a href="#p9.16">9.16. Miscellaneous provisions</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9">OTHER BUSINESS AND LEGAL MATTERS</a>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.1">9.1. Fees</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.2">9.2. Financial responsibility</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.3">9.3. Confidentiality of business information</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.4">9.4. Privacy of personal information</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.5">9.5. Intellectual property rights</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.6">9.6. Representations and warranties</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.7">9.7. Disclaimers of warranties</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.8">9.8. Limitations of liability</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.9">9.9. Indemnities</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.10">9.10. Term and termination</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.11">9.11. Individual notices and communications with participants</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.12">9.12. Amendments</a> </li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.13">9.13. Dispute resolution provisions</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.14">9.14. Governing law</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.15">9.15. Compliance with applicable law</a></li>
+
+<li><a href="#p9.16">9.16. Miscellaneous provisions</a> </li>
</ul>
</li>
</ol>
-</nav>
+</font>
-</header>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p1">
-<h2>1. INTRODUCTION</h2>
+<h2 id="p1">1. INTRODUCTION</h2>
-<section id="p1.1">
-<h3>1.1. Overview</h3>
+<h3 id="p1.1">1.1. Overview</h3>
<p>
This document is the Certification Practice Statement (CPS) of
@@ -327,10 +263,11 @@ operating its CA,
and applies to all CAcert PKI Participants,
including Assurers, Members, and CAcert itself.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.2">
-<h3>1.2. Document name and identification</h3>
+<p>
+</p>
+
+<h3 id="p1.2">1.2. Document name and identification</h3>
<p>
This document is the Certification Practice Statement (CPS) of CAcert.
@@ -339,40 +276,40 @@ for each class of certificate.
</p>
<ul>
- <li>
+
+<li>
This document is COD6 under CAcert Official Documents numbering scheme.
</li>
- <li>
+
+<li>
The document is structured according to
Chokhani, et al,
<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3647.txt">RFC3647</a>,
<a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3647#section-4">chapter 4</a>.
All headings derive from that Chapter.
</li>
- <li>
+
+<li>
It has been improved and reviewed (or will be reviewed)
to meet or exceed the criteria of the
<cite>Certificate Authority Review Checklist</cite>
- from <em>David E. Ross</em> ("DRC")
+ from <i>David E. Ross</i> ("DRC")
and Mozilla Foundation's CA policy.
</li>
- <li>
+
+<li>
OID assigned to this document: 1.3.6.1.4.1.18506.4.4.x (x=approved Version)
(<a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/enterprise-numbers">iana.org</a>)
</li>
- <li>
- &copy; CAcert Inc. 2006-2009.
+
+<li>
+ © CAcert Inc. 2006-2009.
<!-- note that CCS policies must be controlled by CAcert Inc. -->
</li>
- <li>
- Issued under the CAcert document licence policy,
- as and when made policy.
- See <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence">
- PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence</a>.
- </li>
- <li>
+
+<li>
Earlier notes were written by Christian Barmala
in a document placed under GNU Free Document License
and under FSF copyright.
@@ -388,112 +325,99 @@ and rules other documents
except where explicitly deferred to.
See also <a href="#p1.5.1">1.5.1 Organisation Administering the Document</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p1.3">
-<h3>1.3. PKI participants</h3>
+<h3 id="p1.3">1.3. PKI participants</h3>
<p>
The CA is legally operated by CAcert Incorporated,
an Association registered in 2002 in
New South Wales, Australia,
on behalf of the wider Community of Members of CAcert.
The Association details are at the
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/CAcertInc">CAcert wiki</a>.
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/CAcertIncorporated">CAcert wiki</a>.
</p>
<p>
CAcert is a Community formed of Members who agree to the
-CAcert Community Agreement (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>).
+<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">
+CAcert Community Agreement</a>.
The CA is technically operated by the Community,
under the direction of the Board of CAcert Incorporated.
(The Members of the Community are not to be confused
-with the <em>Association Members</em>, which latter are
+with the <i>Association Members</i>, which latter are
not referred to anywhere in this CPS.)
</p>
-<section id="p1.3.1">
-<h4>1.3.1. Certification authorities</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.3.1">1.3.1. Certification authorities</h4>
<p>
CAcert does not issue certificates to external
intermediate CAs under the present CPS.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.3.2">
-<h4>1.3.2. Registration authorities</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.3.2">1.3.2. Registration authorities</h4>
<p>
Registration Authorities (RAs) are controlled under Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.3.3">
-<h4>1.3.3. Subscribers</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.3.3">1.3.3. Subscribers</h4>
<p>
CAcert issues certificates to Members only.
Such Members then become Subscribers.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.3.4">
-<h4>1.3.4. Relying parties</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p1.3.4">1.3.4. Relying parties</h4>
<p>
A relying party is a Member,
having agreed to the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>),
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>),
who, in the act of using a CAcert certificate,
makes a decision on the basis of that certificate.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p1.3.5">
-<h4>1.3.5. Other participants</h4>
-<dl>
+<h4 id="p1.3.5">1.3.5. Other participants</h4>
-<dt>Member</dt>
-<dd>Membership of the Community is as defined in the
-<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>.
+<p>
+<b>Member.</b>
+Membership of the Community is as defined in the
+<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>.
Only Members may RELY or may become Subscribers.
Membership is free.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Arbitrator</dt>
-<dd>A senior and experienced Member of the CAcert Community
+<p>
+<b>Arbitrator.</b>
+A senior and experienced Member of the CAcert Community
who resolves disputes between Members, including ones
of certificate reliance, under
Dispute Resolution Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a>).
-</dd>
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php">COD7</a>).
+</p>
-<dt>Vendor</dt>
-<dd>Software suppliers who integrate the root certificates of CAcert
+<p>
+<b>Vendor.</b>
+Software suppliers who integrate the root certificates of CAcert
into their software also assume a proxy role of Relying Parties,
and are subject to another licence.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Non-Related Persons (NRPs)</dt>
-<dd>These are users of browsers and similar software who are
+<p>
+<b>Non-Related Persons</b> (NRPs).
+These are users of browsers and similar software who are
unaware of the CAcert certificates they may use, and
are unaware of the ramifications of usage.
Their relationship with CAcert
is described by the
-Root Distribution License
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD14</a>).
+Non-related Persons - Disclaimer and Licence
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>).
No other rights nor relationship is implied or offered.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
+</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.4">
-<h3>1.4. Certificate usage</h3>
+<h3 id="p1.4">1.4. Certificate usage</h3>
<p>CAcert serves as issuer of certificates for
individuals, businesses, governments, charities,
@@ -507,161 +431,213 @@ become Assurers and help CAcert to help the Community.
<p>
Types of certificates and their appropriate and
corresponding applications are defined in
-<a href="#p1.4.1">&sect;1.4.1</a>.
-Prohibited applications are defined in <a href="#p1.4.2">&sect;1.4.2</a>.
+<a href="#p1.4.1">§1.4.1</a>.
+Prohibited applications are defined in <a href="#p1.4.2">§1.4.2</a>.
Specialist uses may be agreed by contract or within
a specific environment, as described in
-<a href="#p1.4.4">&sect;1.4.4</a>.
+<a href="#p1.4.4">§1.4.4</a>.
Note also the
unreliable applications in
-<a href="#p1.4.3">&sect;1.4.3</a>
+<a href="#p1.4.3">§1.4.3</a>
and risks, liabilities and obligations in
-<a href="#p9">&sect;9</a>.
+<a href="#p9">§9</a>.
</p>
-<figure id="t1.4">
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th colspan="2" class="i">Type</th>
- <th colspan="2" class="i">Appropriate Certificate uses</th>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <th class="b">General</th>
- <th class="b">Protocol</th>
- <th class="b">Description</th>
- <th class="b">Comments</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="rowgroup" rowspan="2">Server</th>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> TLS </th>
- <td> web server encryption </td>
- <td> enables encryption </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center><i>Type</i></center>
+</td>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center><i>Appropriate Certificate uses</i></center>
+ </td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>General</th>
+
+<th>Protocol</th>
+
+<th>
+<center>Description</center>
+</th>
+
+<th>
+<center>Comments</center>
+</th>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> embedded </th>
- <td> embedded server authentication </td>
- <td> mail servers, IM-servers </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td rowspan="2">
+<center>Server</center>
+</td>
+
+<td> TLS </td>
+
+<td> web server encryption </td>
+
+<td> enables encryption </td>
</tr>
-</tbody>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="rowgroup" rowspan="4">Client</th>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> S/MIME </th>
- <td> email encryption </td>
- <td> "digital signatures" employed in S/MIME
+<tr>
+
+<td> embedded </td>
+
+<td> embedded server authentication </td>
+
+<td> mail servers, IM-servers </td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td rowspan="4">
+<center>Client</center>
+</td>
+
+<td> S/MIME </td>
+
+<td> email encryption </td>
+
+<td> "digital signatures" employed in S/MIME
are not legal / human signatures,
but instead enable the encryption mode of S/MIME </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> TLS </th>
- <td> client authentication </td>
- <td> the nodes must be secure </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td> TLS </td>
+
+<td> client authentication </td>
+
+<td> the nodes must be secure </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> TLS </th>
- <td> web based signature applications </td>
- <td> the certificate authenticates only. See <a href="#p1.4.3">&sect;1.4.3</a>. </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td> TLS </td>
+
+<td> web based signature applications </td>
+
+<td> the certificate authenticates only. See <a href="#p1.4.3">§1.4.3</a>. </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> &quot;Digital Signing&quot; </th>
- <td> for human signing over documents </td>
- <td> Only within a wider application and rules
+<tr>
+
+<td> "Digital Signing" </td>
+
+<td> for human signing over documents </td>
+
+<td> Only within a wider application and rules
such as by separate policy,
as agreed by contract, etc.
- See <a href="#p1.4.4">&sect;1.4.4</a>.
+ See <a href="#p1.4.4">§1.4.4</a>.
</td>
</tr>
-</tbody>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="rowgroup">Code</th>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> Authenticode, ElfSign, Java </th>
- <td> Code Signing </td>
- <td> Signatures on packages are evidence of their Membership and indicative of Identity </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Code</center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Authenticode, ElfSign, Java </td>
+
+<td> Code Signing </td>
+
+<td> Signatures on packages are evidence of their Membership and indicative of Identity </td>
</tr>
-</tbody>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="rowgroup">PGP</th>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> OpenPGP </th>
- <td> Key Signing </td>
- <td> Signatures on Member Keys are evidence of their Membership and indicative of Identity </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>PGP</center>
+</td>
+
+<td> OpenPGP </td>
+
+<td> Key Signing </td>
+
+<td> Signatures on Member Keys are evidence of their Membership and indicative of Identity </td>
</tr>
-</tbody>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="rowgroup">Special</th>
- <th scope="row" class="l"> X.509 </th>
- <td> OCSP, Timestamping </td>
- <td> Only available to CAcert Systems Administrators, as controlled by Security Policy </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Special</center>
+</td>
+
+<td> X.509 </td>
+
+<td> OCSP, Timestamping </td>
+
+<td> Only available to CAcert Systems Administrators, as controlled by Security Policy </td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 1.4. Types of Certificate</figcaption>
-</figure>
-
+<span class="figure">Table 1.4. Types of Certificate</span>
+</center>
-<section id="p1.4.1">
-<h4>1.4.1. Appropriate certificate uses</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.4.1">1.4.1. Appropriate certificate uses</h4>
<p>
General uses.
</p>
-<ul><li>
+<ul>
+<li>
CAcert server certificates can be used to enable encryption
protection in web servers.
Suitable applications include webmail and chat forums.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
CAcert server certificates can be used to enable encryption
in SSL/TLS links in embedded protocols such as mail servers
and IM-servers.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
CAcert client certificates can be used to enable encryption
protection in email clients.
- (See <a href="#p1.4.3">&sect;1.4.3</a> for caveat on signatures.)
- </li><li>
+ (See <a href="#p1.4.3">§1.4.3</a> for caveat on signatures.)
+ </li>
+<li>
CAcert client certificates can be used to replace password-based
authentication to web servers.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
OpenPGP keys with CAcert signatures can be used
to encrypt and sign files and emails,
using software compatible with OpenPGP.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
CAcert client certificates can be used in web-based
authentication applications.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
CAcert code signing certificates can be used to sign code
for distribution to other people.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Time stamping can be used to attach a time record
to a digital document.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p1.4.2">
-<h4>1.4.2. Prohibited certificate uses</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.4.2">1.4.2. Prohibited certificate uses</h4>
<p>
CAcert certificates are not designed, intended, or authorised for
the following applications:
</p>
-<ul><li>
+<ul>
+<li>
Use or resale as control equipment in hazardous circumstances
or for uses requiring fail-safe performance such as the operation
of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or communication systems,
air traffic control systems, or weapons control systems,
where failure could lead directly to death, personal injury,
or severe environmental damage.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p1.4.3">
-<h4>1.4.3. Unreliable Applications</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.4.3">1.4.3. Unreliable Applications</h4>
<p>
CAcert certificates are not designed nor intended for use in
@@ -669,12 +645,12 @@ the following applications, and may not be reliable enough
for these applications:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt>Signing within Protocols</dt>
- <dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ <b>Signing within Protocols.</b>
Digital signatures made by CAcert certificates carry
- <span class="u">NO default legal or human meaning</span>.
- See <a href="#p9.15.1">&sect;9.15.1</a>.
+ <u>NO default legal or human meaning</u>.
+ See <a href="#p9.15.1">§9.15.1</a>.
Especially, protocols such as S/MIME commonly will automatically
apply digital signatures as part of their protocol needs.
The purpose of the cryptographic signature in S/MIME
@@ -683,32 +659,26 @@ for these applications:
to provide some confirmation that a familiar certificate
is in use, to enable encryption, and to ensure the integrity
of the email in transit.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Non-repudiation applications</dt>
- <dd>
+</li>
+<li>
+ <b>Non-repudiation applications.</b>
Non-repudiation is not to be implied from use of
CAcert certificates. Rather, certificates may
provide support or evidence of actions, but that
evidence is testable in any dispute.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Ecommerce applications</dt>
- <dd>
+</li>
+<li>
+ <b>Ecommerce applications.</b>
Financial transactions or payments or valuable e-commerce.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Identity verification</dt>
- <dd>
+</li>
+<li>
Use of anonymous (Class 1 or Member SubRoot) certificates
in any application that requires or expects identity.
- </dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p1.4.4">
-<h4>1.4.4. Limited certificate uses</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.4.4">1.4.4. Limited certificate uses</h4>
<p>
By contract or within a specific environment
@@ -720,35 +690,32 @@ and these entities take on the whole responsible for
any harm or liability caused by such usage.
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt>Digital signing applications</dt>
- <dd>CAcert client certificates
+<p>
+ <b>Digital signing applications.</b>
+ CAcert client certificates
may be used by Assured Members in
applications that provide or support the human signing of documents
(known here as "digital signing").
This must be part of a wider framework and set of rules.
Usage and reliance
must be documented either under a separate CAcert digital signing
- policy or other external regime agreed by the parties.</dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+ policy or other external regime agreed by the parties.
+</p>
-<section id="p1.4.5">
-<h4>1.4.5. Roots and Names</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.4.5">1.4.5. Roots and Names</h4>
-<dl>
-<dt>Named Certificates</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Named Certificates.</b>
Assured Members may be issued certificates
with their verified names in the certificate. In this role, CAcert
operates and supports a network of Assurers who verify the
identity of the Members.
All Names are verified, either by Assurance or another defined
method under policy (c.f. Organisations).
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Anonymous Certificates.</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Anonymous Certificates.</b>
Members can be issued certificates that are anonymous,
which is defined as the certificate with no Name included,
or a shared name such as "Community Member".
@@ -759,192 +726,455 @@ reliance is undefined.
In this role, CAcert provides the
infrastructure, saving the Members from managing a difficult
and messy process in order to get manufactured certificates.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Psuedonymous Certificates</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Psuedonymous Certificates.</b>
Note that CAcert does not currently issue pseudonymous certificates,
being those with a name chosen by the Member and not verifiable
according to documents.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Advanced Certificates</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Advanced Certificates.</b>
Members who are as yet unassured are not permitted to create
advanced forms such as wildcard or subjectAltName
certificates.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Roots</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b> Roots.</b>
The CAcert root layout is as below.
These roots are pending Audit,
and will be submitted to vendors via the (Top-level) Root.
-<dl>
- <dt>(Top-level) Root</dt>
- <dd>
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ <b>(Top-level) Root.</b>
Used to sign on-line CAcert SubRoots only.
This Root is kept offline.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Member SubRoot</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <b>Member SubRoot.</b>
For Community Members who are new and unassured (some restrictions exist).
Reliance is undefined.
(Replacement for the Class 1 root, matches "Domain Validation" type.)
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Assured SubRoot</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <b>Assured SubRoot.</b>
Only available for Assured individual Members,
intended to sign certificates with Names.
Suitable for Reliance under this and other policies.
Approximates the type known as Individual Validation.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Organisation SubRoot</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <b>Organisation SubRoot.</b>
Only available for Assured Organisation Members.
Suitable for Reliance under this and other policies.
Approximates the type known as Organisational Validation.
- </dd>
-</dl>
-</dl>
-
-
-<figure id="t1.4.5.b">
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th></th>
- <th colspan="5" class="i">Level of Assurance</th>
- <th></th>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <th></th>
- <th colspan="2" class="b">Members &dagger;</th>
- <th colspan="2" class="b">Assured Members</th>
- <th colspan="1" class="b">Assurers</th>
- <th colspan="1" class="b"></th>
+
+</li>
+</ul>
+
+
+
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+
+<td></td>
+
+<td colspan="5">
+<center><i>Level of Assurance</i></center>
+</td>
+
+<th> </th>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th class="i">Class of Root</th>
- <th class="b">Anon</th>
- <th>Name</th>
- <th>Anon</th>
- <th class="b">Name</th>
- <th>Name+Anon</th>
- <th class="i">Remarks</th>
+<tr>
+
+<th></th>
+
+<th colspan="2">
+<center> Members † </center>
+</th>
+
+<th colspan="2">
+<center> Assured Members</center>
+</th>
+
+<th colspan="1">
+<center> Assurers </center>
+</th>
+
+<th colspan="1">
+<center> </center>
+</th>
</tr>
-</thead>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Top level<br><strong>Root</strong></th>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &bull;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &bull;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &bull;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &bull;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &bull;</td>
- <td> Signs other CAcert SubRoots only. </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td><i>Class of Root</i></td>
+
+<th>Anon</th>
+
+<td>Name</td>
+
+<td>Anon</td>
+
+<th>Name</th>
+
+<td>Name+Anon</td>
+
+<td colspan="1">
+<center><i>Remarks</i></center>
+</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row"><strong>Member</strong><br>SubRoot</th>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3"> &#10008;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td> &dagger; For Members meeting basic checks in <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2</a><br>(Reliance is undefined.) </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Top level
+<br>
+<big><b>Root</b></big></center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> • </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> • </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> • </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> • </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> • </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Signs other CAcert SubRoots only. </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row"><strong>Assured</strong><br>SubRoot</th>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3"> &#10008;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3"> &#10008;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td> Assured Members only.<br>Fully intended for reliance. </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center><big><b>Member</b></big>
+<br>
+SubRoot</center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> † For Members meeting basic checks in <a href="#p4.2.2">§4.2.2</a>
+<br>
+(Reliance is undefined.) </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row"><strong>Organisation</strong><br>SubRoot</th>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3"> &#10008;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3"> &#10008;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3"> &#10004;</td>
- <td> Assured Organisation Members only.<br>Fully intended for reliance. </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center><big><b>Assured</b></big>
+<br>
+SubRoot</center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Assured Members only.
+<br>
+Fully intended for reliance. </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Expiry of Certificates</th>
- <td colspan="2" class="c">6 months</td>
- <td colspan="3" class="c">24 months</td>
- <td></td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center><big><b>Organisation</b></big>
+<br>
+SubRoot</center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Assured Organisation Members only.
+<br>
+Fully intended for reliance. </td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Types</th>
- <td colspan="2" class="c">client, server</td>
- <td colspan="2" class="c">wildcard, subjectAltName</td>
- <td colspan="1" class="c">code-signing</td>
- <td> (Inclusive to the left.) </td>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Expiry of Certificates</th>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>6 months</center>
+ </td>
+<td colspan="3">
+<center>24 months</center>
+ </td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Types</th>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>client, server</center>
+ </td>
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>wildcard, subjectAltName</center>
+ </td>
+<td colspan="1">
+<center>code-signing</center>
+ </td>
+<td> (Inclusive to the left.) </td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 1.4.5.b Certificate under Audit Roots</figcaption>
-</figure>
+<span class="figure">Table 1.4.5.b Certificate under Audit Roots</span>
+</center>
+
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+
+<td></td>
+
+<td colspan="4">
+<center><i>Level of Assurance</i></center>
+</td>
+
+<th> </th>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th></th>
+
+<th colspan="2">
+<center>Members</center>
+</th>
+
+<th colspan="2">
+<center>Assured Members</center>
+</th>
+
+<th colspan="1">
+<center> </center>
+</th>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td><i>Class of Root</i></td>
+
+<th>Anonymous</th>
-</section>
+<td>Named</td>
-</section>
+<td>Anonymous</td>
+<th>Named</th>
+
+<td colspan="1">
+<center><i>Remarks</i></center>
+</td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Class
+<br>
+<big><b>1</b></big></center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Available for all Members,
+<br>
+reliance is undefined.</td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Class
+<br>
+<big><b>3</b></big></center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+ </td>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td> Assured Members only.
+<br>
+ Intended for Reliance. </td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Expiry of Certificates</th>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>6 months</center>
+ </td>
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>24 months</center>
+ </td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Types available</th>
+
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>simple only</center>
+ </td>
+<td colspan="2">
+<center>wildcard, subjectAltName</center>
+ </td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
-<section id="p1.5">
-<h3>1.5. Policy administration</h3>
+<span class="figure">Table 1.4.5. Certificates under Old Roots - <b>Audit Fail</b> </span>
+</center>
+
+<p>
+<b> Old Roots.</b>
+The old CAcert root layout is as below. These roots are <b>Audit Fail</b>
+and will only be used where new roots do not serve:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ (old) <b>Class 1 root.</b>
+ Used primarily for certificates with no names and by
+ unassured Members.
+ For compatibility only,
+ Assured Members may also use this root.
+ </li>
+<li>
+ (old) <b>Class 3 root.</b>
+ Used primarily for certificates including the names
+ of Assured Members.
+ Signed by Class 1 root.
+ Members can decide to rely on these
+ certificates for Assured Members
+ by selecting the Class 3 root for
+ Assured Members as trust anchor.
+</li>
+</ul>
+
+<h3 id="p1.5">1.5. Policy administration</h3>
<p>See <a href="#p1.2">1.2 Document Name and Identification</a>
for general scope of this document.</p>
-<section id="p1.5.1">
-<h4>1.5.1. Organization administering the document</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.5.1">1.5.1. Organization administering the document</h4>
<p>
This document is administered by the policy group of
-the CAcert Community under Policy on Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html">COD1</a>).
+the CAcert Community under Policy on Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">COD1</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.5.2">
-<h4>1.5.2. Contact person</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.5.2">1.5.2. Contact person</h4>
<p>
For questions including about this document:
</p>
+
<ul>
- <li>Join the policy group, by means of the discussion forum at
- <a href="https://lists.cacert.org/wws/lists">
+
+<li>Join the policy group, by means of the discussion forum at
+ <a href="http://lists.cacert.org/mailman/listinfo">
lists.cacert.org</a> . </li>
- <li>Send email to &lt; support AT cacert DOT org &gt; </li>
- <li>IRC: irc.cacert.org #CAcert (ssl port 7000, non-ssl port 6667)</li>
+
+<li>Send email to &lt; support AT cacert DOT org &gt; </li>
+
+<li>IRC: irc.cacert.org #CAcert (ssl port 7000, non-ssl port 6667)</li>
</ul>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.5.3">
-<h4>1.5.3. Person determining CPS suitability for the policy</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.5.3">1.5.3. Person determining CPS suitability for the policy</h4>
<p>
This CPS and all other policy documents are managed by
the policy group, which is a group of Members of the
Community found at policy forum. See discussion forums above.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.5.4">
-<h4>1.5.4. CPS approval procedures</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.5.4">1.5.4. CPS approval procedures</h4>
<p>
CPS is controlled and updated according to the
Policy on Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html">COD1</a>)
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">COD1</a>)
which is part of
-Configuration-Control Specification (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ConfigurationControlSpecification.html">COD2</a>).
+Configuration-Control Specification (COD2).
</p>
<p>
@@ -956,153 +1186,127 @@ it moves to POLICY status.
The process is modelled after some elements of
the RFC process by the IETF.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p1.5.5">
-<h4>1.5.5 CPS updates</h4>
+<h4 id="p1.5.5">1.5.5. CPS updates</h4>
<p>
As per above.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-
-<section id="p1.6">
-<h3>1.6. Definitions and acronyms</h3>
-<dl>
-<dt id="d_cert">Certificate</dt>
-<dd>
+<h3 id="p1.6">1.6. Definitions and acronyms</h3>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_cert" id="d_cert">Certificate</a></b>.
A certificate is a piece of cryptographic data used
to validate certain statements, especially those of
identity and membership.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_cacert">CAcert</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_cacert" id="d_cacert">CAcert</a></b>.
CAcert is a Community certificate authority as defined under
- <a href="#p1.2">&sect;1.2 Identification</a>.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_member">Member</dt>
-<dd>
+ <a href="#p1.2">§1.2 Identification</a>.
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_member" id="d_member">Member</a></b>.
Everyone who agrees to the
CAcert Community Agreement
- (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>).
+ (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>).
This generally implies having an account registered
at CAcert and making use of CAcert's data, programs or services.
A Member may be an individual ("natural person")
or an organisation (sometimes, "legal person").
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_community">Community</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_community" id="d_community">Community</a></b>.
The group of Members who agree to the
CAcert Community Agreement
- (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>)
+ (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>)
or equivalent agreements.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_unassured">Unassured Member</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_unassured" id="d_unassured">Unassured Member</a></b>.
A Member who has not yet been Assured.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_subscriber">Subscriber</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_subscriber" id="d_subscriber">Subscriber</a></b>.
A Member who requests and receives a certificate.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_assured">Assured Member</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_assured" id="d_assured">Assured Member</a></b>.
A Member whose identity has been sufficiently
verified by Assurers or other
- approved methods under Assurance Policy.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_assurer">Assurer</dt>
-<dd>
+ approved methods under Assurance Policy.</p>
+<p></p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_assurer" id="d_assurer">Assurer</a></b>.
An Assured Member who is authorised under Assurance Policy
to verify the identity of other Members.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_name">Name</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_name" id="d_name">Name</a></b>.
As defined in the
Assurance Policy
- (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>),
+ (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>),
to describe a name of a Member
that is verified by the Assurance process.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_oadmin">Organisation Administrator</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_oadmin" id="d_oadmin">Organisation Administrator</a></b>.
("O-Admin")
An Assurer who is authorised to act for an Organisation.
The O-Admin is authorised by an organisation
to vouch for the identity of other users of the organisation.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_org_ass">Organisation Assurer</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_org_ass" id="d_org_ass">Organisation Assurer</a></b>.
An Assurer who is authorised to conduct assurances on
organisations.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_user">Non-Related Persons</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_user" id="d_user">Non-Related Persons</a></b>.
("NRPs")
are general users of browsers and similar software.
The NRPs are generally unaware of
CAcert or the certificates that they may use, and
are unaware of the ramifications of usage.
They are not permitted to RELY, but may USE, under the
- Root Distribution License (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD14</a>).
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_reliance">Reliance</dt>
-<dd>
+ Non-Related Persons - Disclaimer and Licence (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>).
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="rel" id="d_reliance">Reliance</a></b>.
An industry term referring to
the act of making a decision, including taking a risk,
which decision is in part or in whole
informed or on the basis of the contents of a certificate.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_relparty">Relying Party</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="rel" id="rel">Relying Party</a></b>.
An industry term refering to someone who relies
(that is, makes decisions or takes risks)
in part or in whole on a certificate.
-</dd>
-
-<dt>Subscriber Naming</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+ <b>Subscriber Naming.</b>
The term used in this CPS to
describe all naming data within a certificate.
Approximately similar terms from Industry such as
"Subject naming" and "Distinguished Name"
are not used here.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_verification">Verification</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="ver" id="d_verification">Verification</a></b>.
An industry term referring to
the act of checking and controlling
the accuracy and utility of a single claim.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_validation">Validation</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="ver" id="d_validation">Validation</a></b>.
An industry term referring to the process of
inspecting and verifying the information and
subsidiary claims behind a claim.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="usage">Usage</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="rel" id="rel">Usage</a></b>.
The event of allowing a certificate to participate in
a protocol, as decided and facilitated by a user's software.
Generally, Usage does not require significant input, if any,
@@ -1110,47 +1314,40 @@ As per above.
This defers all decisions to the user software,
thus elevating the software as user's only and complete
Validation Authority or Agent.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="drel">CAcert Relying Party</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="drel" id="drel">CAcert Relying Party</a></b>.
CAcert Members who make decisions based in part or in whole
on a certificate issued by CAcert.
Only CAcert Members are permitted to Rely on CAcert certificates,
subject to the CAcert Community Agreement.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="ddst">Vendors</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="ddst" id="ddst">Vendors</a></b>.
Non-members who distribute CAcert's root or intermediate certificates
in any way, including but not limited to delivering these
certificates with their products, e.g. browsers, mailers or servers.
Vendors are covered under a separate licence.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_ccs">Configuration-Control Specification "CCS"</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_ccs" id="d_ccs">Configuration-Control Specification</a></b> "CCS".
The audit criteria that controls this CPS.
The CCS is documented in COD2, itself a controlled document under CCS.
-</dd>
-
-<dt id="d_cod">CAcert Official Document (COD)</dt>
-<dd>
+</p>
+<p>
+</p>
+<p>
+<b><a name="d_cod" id="d_cod">CAcert Official Document</a></b> (COD).
Controlled Documents that are part of the CCS.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
+</p>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p2">
-<h2>2. PUBLICATION AND REPOSITORY RESPONSIBILITIES</h2>
+<h2 id="p2">2. PUBLICATION AND REPOSITORY RESPONSIBILITIES</h2>
-<section id="p2.1">
-<h3>2.1. Repositories</h3>
+
+<h3 id="p2.1">2.1. Repositories</h3>
<p>
CAcert operates no repositories in the sense
@@ -1159,21 +1356,22 @@ for the general public.
</p>
<p>
-Under the Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>),
+Under the Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>),
there are means for Members to search, retrieve
and verify certain data about themselves and others.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p2.2">
-<h3>2.2. Publication of certification information</h3>
+<h3 id="p2.2">2.2. Publication of certification information</h3>
<p>
CAcert publishes:
</p>
+
<ul>
- <li>A repository of CRLs. An OCSP responder is in operation.</li>
- <li>The root certificate and intermediate certificates.</li>
+
+<li>A repository of CRLs. An OCSP responder is in operation.</li>
+
+<li>The root certificate and intermediate certificates.</li>
</ul>
<p>
@@ -1183,121 +1381,115 @@ public nature of Names and email addresses, all information within
certificates is presumed to be public and published, once
issued and delivered to the Member.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p2.3">
-<h3>2.3. Time or frequency of publication</h3>
+<h3 id="p2.3">2.3. Time or frequency of publication</h3>
<p>
Root and Intermediate Certificates and CRLs are
made available on issuance.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p2.4">
-<h3>2.4. Access controls on repositories</h3>
+<h3 id="p2.4">2.4. Access controls on repositories</h3>
<p> No stipulation. </p>
-</section>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p3">
-<h2>3. IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION</h2>
+<h2 id="p3">3. IDENTIFICATION AND AUTHENTICATION</h2>
-<section id="p3.1">
-<h3>3.1. Naming</h3>
+<h3 id="p3.1">3.1. Naming</h3>
-<section id="p3.1.1">
-<h4>3.1.1. Types of names</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.1">3.1.1. Types of names</h4>
-<section id="p3.1.1.1">
-<h5>3.1.1.1. Client Certificates</h5>
<p>
+<b>Client Certificates.</b>
The Subscriber Naming consists of:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt><code>subjectAltName=</code></dt>
- <dd>
+<ul>
+
+<li><tt>subjectAltName=</tt>
One, or more, of the Subscriber's verified email addresses,
in rfc822Name format.
- </dd>
- <dt><code>EmailAddress=</code></dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li><tt>EmailAddress=</tt>
One, or more, of the Subscriber's verified email addresses.
This is deprecated under
- <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5280#section-4.2.1.6">RFC5280 4.1.2.6</a>
+ RFC5280 <a href="http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5280#section-4.2.1.6">4
+.2.1.6</a>
and is to be phased out. Also includes a SHA1 hash of a random number if
the member selects SSO (Single Sign On ID) during submission of CSR.
- </dd>
+ </li>
- <dt><code>CN=</code></dt>
- <dd>
- The common name takes its value from one of:
- <ul><li>
+<li><tt>CN=</tt> The common name takes its value from one of:
+
+<ul>
+<li>
For all Members,
- the string "<code>CAcert WoT Member</code>" may be used for
+ the string "<tt>CAcert WoT Member</tt>" may be used for
anonymous certificates.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
For individual Members,
a Name of the Subscriber,
as Assured under AP.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
For Organisation Members,
an organisation-chosen name,
as verified under OAP.
- </li></ul>
- </dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+ </li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p3.1.1.2">
-<h5>3.1.1.2. Individual Server Certificates</h5>
<p>
+<b>Individual Server Certificates.</b>
The Subscriber Naming consists of:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt><code>CN=</code></dt>
- <dd>
+<ul>
+<li><tt>CN=</tt>
The common name is the host name out of a domain
for which the Member is a domain master.
- </dd>
- <dt><code>subjectAltName=</code></dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <tt>subjectAltName=</tt>
Additional host names for which the Member
is a domain master may be added to permit the
certificate to serve multiple domains on one IP number.
- </dd>
- <dt>Other</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
All other fields are optional and must either match
the CN or they must be empty
- </dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p3.1.1.3">
-<h5>3.1.1.3. Certificates for Organisations</h5>
<p>
+<b>Certificates for Organisations.</b>
In addition to the above, the following applies:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt><code>OU=</code></dt><dd>organizationalUnitName (set by O-Admin, must be verified by O-Admin).</dd>
- <dt><code>O=</code></dt><dd>organizationName is the fixed name of the Organisation.</dd>
- <dt><code>L=</code></dt>
- <dd>localityName</dd>
- <dt><code>ST=</code></dt>
- <dd>stateOrProvinceName</dd>
- <dt><code>C=</code></dt>
- <dd>countryName</dd>
- <dt><code>contact=</code></dt>
- <dd>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li><tt>OU=</tt>
+ organizationalUnitName (set by O-Admin, must be verified by O-Admin).</li>
+
+<li><tt>O=</tt>
+ organizationName is the fixed name of the Organisation.</li>
+
+<li><tt>L=</tt>
+ localityName</li>
+
+<li><tt>ST=</tt>
+ stateOrProvinceName</li>
+
+<li><tt>C=</tt>
+ countryName</li>
+
+<li><tt>contact=</tt>
EMail Address of Contact.
- <!-- not included in RFC5280 4.1.2.4 list, but list is not restricted -->
- </dd>
-</dl>
+ </li>
+</ul>
<p>
Except for the OU and CN, fields are taken from the Member's
@@ -1305,16 +1497,12 @@ account and are as verified by the Organisation Assurance process.
Other Subscriber information that is collected and/or retained
does not go into the certificate.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p3.1.2">
-<h4>3.1.2. Need for names to be meaningful</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.2">3.1.2. Need for names to be meaningful</h4>
<p>
-Each Member's Name (<code>CN=</code> field);
-is assured under the Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>)
+Each Member's Name (<tt>CN=</tt> field)
+is assured under the Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>)
or subsidiary policies (such as Organisation Assurance Policy).
Refer to those documents for meanings and variations.
</p>
@@ -1322,25 +1510,21 @@ Refer to those documents for meanings and variations.
<p>
Anonymous certificates have the same <code>subject</code>
field common name.
-See <a href="#p1.4.5">&sect;1.4.5.</a>.
+See <a href="#p1.4.5">§1.4.5.</a>.
</p>
<p>
Email addresses are verified according to
-<a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2.</a>
+<a href="#p4.2.2">§4.2.2.</a>
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.1.3">
-<h4>3.1.3. Anonymity or pseudonymity of subscribers</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.3">3.1.3. Anonymity or pseudonymity of subscribers</h4>
<p>
-See <a href="#p1.4.5">&sect;1.4.5</a>.
+See <a href="#p1.4.5">§1.4.5</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.1.4">
-<h4>3.1.4. Rules for interpreting various name forms</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.4">3.1.4. Rules for interpreting various name forms</h4>
<p>
Interpretation of Names is controlled by the Assurance Policy,
is administered by means of the Member's account,
@@ -1349,46 +1533,41 @@ Changes to the interpretation by means of Arbitration
should be expected as fraud (e.g., phishing)
may move too quickly for policies to fully document rules.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.1.5">
-<h4>3.1.5. Uniqueness of names</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.5">3.1.5. Uniqueness of names</h4>
<p>
Uniqueness of Names within certificates is not guaranteed.
Each certificate has a unique serial number which maps
to a unique account, and thus maps to a unique Member.
See the Assurance Statement within Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
</p>
<p>
Domain names and email address
can only be registered to one Member.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.1.6">
-<h4>3.1.6. Recognition, authentication, and role of trademarks</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.6">3.1.6. Recognition, authentication, and role of trademarks</h4>
<p>
Organisation Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html">COD11</a>)
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.php">COD11</a>)
controls issues such as trademarks where applicable.
A trademark can be disputed by filing a dispute.
See
-<a href="#p9.13">&sect;9.13</a>.
+<a href="#adr">§9.13</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.1.7">
-<h4>3.1.7. International Domain Names</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.1.7">3.1.7. International Domain Names</h4>
<p>
Certificates containing International Domain Names, being those containing a
ACE prefix (<a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3490#section-5">RFC3490
Section 5</a>), will only be issued to domains satisfying one or more
-of the following conditions:</p>
+of the following conditions:
+</p>
<ul>
<li>The Top Level Domain (TLD) Registrar associated with the domain has a policy
that has taken measures to prevent two homographic domains being registered to
@@ -1399,213 +1578,295 @@ excluding the "Common" script, with the additionally allowed numberic
characters [0-9], and an ACSII hyphen '-'.
</li>
</ul>
-
+<p></p>
<p>Email address containing International Domain Names in the domain portion of
the email address will also be required to satisfy one of the above conditions.
</p>
<p>
-The following is a list of accepted TLD Registrars:</p>
- <table>
-
- <tr>
- <td>.ac</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.ac/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.ac/pdf/AC-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.ar</td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.ar/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.ar/616.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.at</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.at/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.at/en/service/legal_information/registration_guidelines/">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.nic.at/en/service/technical_information/idn/charset_converter/">character list</a>)</td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.biz</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.neustarregistry.biz/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.neustarregistry.biz/products/idns">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.br</td>
- <td><a href="http://registro.br/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://registro.br/faq/faq6.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.cat</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.domini.cat/">Registry</a></td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.domini.cat/normativa/en_normativa_registre.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.ch</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/terms/agb.html#anhang1">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
-
- <tr>
- <td>.cl</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.cl/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.cl/CL-IDN-policy.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.cn</td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.cnnic.net.cn/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.de</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.denic.de/">Registry</a></td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.denic.de/en/richtlinien.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.dk</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/index.html?id=151">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
-
- <tr>
- <td>.es</td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.es/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.es/media/2008-12/1228818323935.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.fi</td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.ficora.fi/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.ficora.fi/en/index/palvelut/fiverkkotunnukset/aakkostenkaytto.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.gr</td>
- <td><a href="https://grweb.ics.forth.gr/english/index.html">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="https://grweb.ics.forth.gr/english/ENCharacterTable1.jsp">Policy</a></td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.hu</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.domain.hu/domain/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.domain.hu/domain/English/szabalyzat.html">Policy</a> (section 2.1.2)</td>
- </tr>
-
- <tr>
- <td>.info</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.afilias.info/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.afilias.info/register/idn/">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.io</td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.io">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.io/IO-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.ir</td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.ir/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.ir/IDN">Policy</a></td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.is</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.isnic.is/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.isnic.is/english/domain/rules.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.jp</td>
- <td><a href="http://jprs.co.jp/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/idn/jp-japanese.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.kr</td>
- <td><a href="http://domain.nic.or.kr/">Registry</a></td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.li</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/terms/agb.html#anhang1">Policy</a> (managed by .ch registry)</td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.lt</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.domreg.lt/public?pg=&amp;sp=&amp;loc=en">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.domreg.lt/public?pg=8A7FB6&amp;sp=idn&amp;loc=en">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.domreg.lt/static/doc/public/idn_symbols-en.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.museum</td>
- <td><a href="http://about.museum/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://about.museum/idn/idnpolicy.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.no</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.norid.no/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.norid.no/domeneregistrering/veiviser.en.html">Policy</a> (section 4)</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.org</td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.pir.org/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://pir.org/PDFs/ORG-Extended-Characters-22-Jan-07.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.pl</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nask.pl/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.dns.pl/IDN/idn-registration-policy.txt">Policy</a></td>
-
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.pr</td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.pr/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="https://www.nic.pr/idn_rules.asp">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.se</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic-se.se/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.iis.se/en/domaner/internationaliserad-doman-idn/">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.iis.se/docs/teckentabell-03.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.sh</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.sh">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.sh/SH-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.th</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.thnic.or.th/">Registry</a></td>
-
- <td><a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/idn/th-thai.html">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <td>.tm</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.tm">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.nic.tm/TM-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
- </tr>
-
- <tr>
- <td>.tw</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.twnic.net.tw/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
-
- <td>.vn</td>
- <td><a href="http://www.vnnic.net.vn/">Registry</a></td>
- <td><a href="http://www.vnnic.vn/english/5-6-300-2-2-04-20071115.htm">Policy</a> (<a href="http://vietunicode.sourceforge.net/tcvn6909.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
- </tr>
- </table>
+The following is a list of accepted TLD Registrars:
+
+</p>
+
+<table>
+ <tbody>
+<tr>
+<td>.ac</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.ac/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.ac/pdf/AC-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.ar</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.ar/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.ar/616.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.at</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.at/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.at/en/service/legal_information/registration_guidelines/">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.nic.at/en/service/technical_information/idn/charset_converter/">character list</a>)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.biz</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.neustarregistry.biz/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.neustarregistry.biz/products/idns">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.br</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://registro.br/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://registro.br/faq/faq6.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.cat</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domini.cat/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domini.cat/normativa/en_normativa_registre.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.ch</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/terms/agb.html#anhang1">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.cl</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.cl/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.cl/CL-IDN-policy.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.cn</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.cnnic.net.cn/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.de</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.denic.de/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.denic.de/en/richtlinien.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.dk</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.dk-hostmaster.dk/index.php?id=151">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.es</td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.es/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.es/media/2008-12/1228818323935.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.fi</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.ficora.fi/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.ficora.fi/en/index/palvelut/fiverkkotunnukset/aakkostenkaytto.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.gr</td>
+
+<td><a href="https://grweb.ics.forth.gr/english/index.html">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="https://grweb.ics.forth.gr/english/ENCharacterTable1.jsp">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.hu</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domain.hu/domain/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domain.hu/domain/English/szabalyzat.html">Policy</a> (section 2.1.2)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.info</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.afilias.info/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.afilias.info/register/idn/">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.io</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.io/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.io/IO-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.ir</td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.ir/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.ir/IDN">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.is</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.isnic.is/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.isnic.is/english/domain/rules.php">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.jp</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://jprs.co.jp/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/idn/jp-japanese.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.kr</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://domain.nic.or.kr/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.li</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.switch.ch/id/terms/agb.html#anhang1">Policy</a> (managed by .ch registry)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.lt</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domreg.lt/public?pg=&amp;sp=&amp;loc=en">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.domreg.lt/public?pg=8A7FB6&amp;sp=idn&amp;loc=en">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.domreg.lt/static/doc/public/idn_symbols-en.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.museum</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://about.museum/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://about.museum/idn/idnpolicy.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.no</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.norid.no/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.norid.no/domeneregistrering/veiviser.en.html">Policy</a> (section 4)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.org</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.pir.org/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://pir.org/PDFs/ORG-Extended-Characters-22-Jan-07.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.pl</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nask.pl/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.dns.pl/IDN/idn-registration-policy.txt">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.pr</td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.pr/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="https://www.nic.pr/idn_rules.asp">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.se</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic-se.se/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.iis.se/en/domaner/internationaliserad-doman-idn/">Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.iis.se/docs/teckentabell-03.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.sh</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.sh/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.sh/SH-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.th</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.thnic.or.th/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.iana.org/assignments/idn/th-thai.html">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.tm</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.tm/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.nic.tm/TM-IDN-Policy.pdf">Policy</a></td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.tw</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.twnic.net.tw/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3743.html">Policy</a> (JET Guidelines)</td>
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+<td>.vn</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.vnnic.net.vn/">Registry</a></td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.vnnic.vn/english/5-6-300-2-2-04-20071115.htm">Policy</a> (<a href="http://vietunicode.sourceforge.net/tcvn6909.pdf">character list</a>)</td>
+</tr>
+
+ </tbody>
+</table>
+<p></p>
<p>
This criteria will apply to the email address and server host name fields for all certificate types.
@@ -1614,24 +1875,19 @@ This criteria will apply to the email address and server host name fields for al
<p>
The CAcert Inc. Board has the authority to decide to add or remove accepted TLD Registrars on this list.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p3.2">
-<h3>3.2. Initial Identity Verification</h3>
+<h3 id="p3.2">3.2. Initial Identity Verification</h3>
<p>
-Identity verification is controlled by the
-Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+Identity verification is controlled by the
+<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/AssurancePolicy.html">
+Assurance Policy</a> (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
The reader is refered to the Assurance Policy,
the following is representative and brief only.
</p>
-<section id="p3.2.1">
-<h4>3.2.1. Method to prove possession of private key</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.1">3.2.1. Method to prove possession of private key</h4>
<p>
CAcert uses industry-standard techniques to
@@ -1648,109 +1904,131 @@ For X.509 client certificates for "explorer" browsers,
ActiveX uses a challenge-response protocol
to check the private key dynamically.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.2.2">
-<h4>3.2.2. Authentication of Individual Identity</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.2">3.2.2. Authentication of Individual Identity</h4>
-<dl>
-
-<dt>Agreement</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Agreement.</b>
An Internet user becomes a Member by agreeing to the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>)
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>)
and registering an account on the online website.
During the registration process Members are asked to
supply information about themselves:
- <ul>
- <li>A valid working email.
+</p>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li>A valid working email.
</li>
- <li>Full Name and Date of Birth such as is
+
+<li>Full Name and Date of Birth such as is
found on Identity documents.
</li>
- <li>Personal Questions used only for Password Retrieval.</li>
+
+<li>Personal Questions used only for Password Retrieval.</li>
</ul>
<p>
The online account establishes the method of authentication
for all service requests such as certificates.
</p>
-</dd>
-<dt>Assurance</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Assurance.</b>
Each Member is assured according to Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
-</dd>
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
+</p>
-<dt>Certificates</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Certificates.</b>
Based on the total number of Assurance Points
that a Member (Name) has, the Member
can get different levels of certificates.
-See <a href="#p1.4.5">&sect;1.4.5</a>.
+See <a href="#p1.4.5">§1.4.5</a>.
See Table 3.2.b.
When Members have 50 or more points, they
-become <em>Assured Members</em> and may then request
+become <i>Assured Members</i> and may then request
certificates that state their Assured Name(s).
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-
-<figure id="t3.2.b">
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th class="b">Assurance Points</th>
- <th class="b">Level</th>
- <th class="b">Service</th>
- <th class="b">Comments</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+</p>
+
+
+<br>
+
+<br>
+<center>
+
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">0</th>
- <td>Unassured Member</td>
- <td>Anonymous</td>
- <td>Certificates with no Name, under Class 1 Root. Limited to 6 months expiry.</td>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Assurance Points</th>
+
+<th>Level</th>
+
+<th>Service</th>
+
+<th>Comments</th>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>0</td>
+
+<td>Unassured Member</td>
+
+<td>Anonymous</td>
+
+<td>Certificates with no Name, under Class 1 Root. Limited to 6 months expiry.</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">1-49</th>
- <td>Unassured Member</td>
- <td>Anonymous</td>
- <td>Certificates with no Name under Member SubRoot. Limited to 6 months expiry.</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>1-49</td>
+
+<td>Unassured Member</td>
+
+<td>Anonymous</td>
+
+<td>Certificates with no Name under Member SubRoot. Limited to 6 months expiry.</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">50-99</th>
- <td>Assured Member</td>
- <td>Verified</td>
- <td>Certificates with Verified Name for S/MIME, web servers, "digital signing."
+<tr>
+
+<td rowspan="1">50-99</td>
+
+<td>Assured Member</td>
+
+<td>Verified</td>
+
+<td>Certificates with Verified Name for S/MIME, web servers, "digital signing."
Expiry after 24 months is available.</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">100++</th>
- <td>Assurer</td>
- <td>Code-signing</td>
- <td>Can create Code-signing certificates </td>
+<tr>
+
+<td rowspan="2">100++</td>
+
+<td rowspan="2">Assurer</td>
+
+<td>Code-signing</td>
+
+<td>Can create Code-signing certificates </td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 3.2.b - How Assurance Points are used in Certificates</figcaption>
-</figure>
+<span class="figure">Table 3.2.b - How Assurance Points are used in Certificates</span>
+
+</center>
+<br>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.2.3">
-<h4>3.2.3. Authentication of organization identity</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.3">3.2.3. Authentication of organization identity</h4>
+
<p>
Verification of organisations is delegated by
the Assurance Policy to the
Organisation Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html">COD11</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.php">COD11</a>).
The reader is refered to the Organisation Assurance Policy,
the following is representative and brief only.
</p>
@@ -1768,56 +2046,56 @@ process described above.
Organisation Assurance achieves the standard
stated in the OAP, briefly presented here:
</p>
-<ol style="list-style: lower-alpha;"><li>
+
+<ol type="a">
+<li>
the organisation exists,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
the organisation name is correct and consistent,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
signing rights: requestor can sign on behalf of the organisation, and
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
the organisation has agreed to the terms of the
CAcert Community Agreement
- (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>),
+ (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>),
and is therefore subject to Arbitration.
-</li></ol>
-</section>
-
+</li>
+</ol>
-<section id="p3.2.4">
-<h4>3.2.4. Non-verified subscriber information</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.4">3.2.4. Non-verified subscriber information</h4>
<p>
All information in the certificate is verified,
-see Relying Party Statement, <a href="#p4.5.2">&sect;4.5.2</a>.
+see Relying Party Statement, §4.5.2.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.2.5">
-<h4>3.2.5. Validation of authority</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.5">3.2.5. Validation of authority</h4>
<p>
The authorisation to obtain a certificate is established as follows:
</p>
-<dl>
-<dt>Addresses</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Addresses.</b>
The member claims authority over a domain or email address
-when adding the address, <a href="#p4.1.2">&sect;4.1.2</a>.
-(Control is tested by means described in <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2</a>.)
-</dd>
+when adding the address, <a href="#p4.1.2">§4.1.2</a>.
+(Control is tested by means described in <a href="#p4.2.2">§4.2.2</a>.)
+</p>
-<dt>Individuals</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Individuals.</b>
The authority to participate as a Member is established
by the CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>).
Assurances are requested by means of the signed CAP form.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Organisations</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Organisations.</b>
The authority for Organisation Assurance is established
in the COAP form, as signed by an authorised representative
of the organisation.
@@ -1826,14 +2104,10 @@ Organisation Administrator
(O-Admin) is also established on the
COAP form.
See Organisation Assurance Policy.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
+</p>
-<section id="p3.2.6">
-<h4>3.2.6. Criteria for interoperation</h4>
+<h4 id="p3.2.6">3.2.6. Criteria for interoperation</h4>
<p>
CAcert does not currently issue certificates to subordinate CAs
@@ -1841,21 +2115,14 @@ or other PKIs.
Other CAs may become Members, and are then subject to the
same reliance provisions as all Members.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p3.3">
-<h3>3.3. Re-key Requests</h3>
+<h3 id="p3.3">3.3. Re-key Requests</h3>
<p>
Via the Member's account.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p3.4">
-<h3>3.4. Revocations Requests</h3>
+<h3 id="p3.4">3.4. Revocations Requests</h3>
<p>
Via the Member's account.
@@ -1864,98 +2131,102 @@ or similar, the Member emails the support team who
either work through the lost-password questions
process or file a dispute.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p4">
-<h2>4. CERTIFICATE LIFE-CYCLE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS</h2>
+<h2 id="p4">4. CERTIFICATE LIFE-CYCLE OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS</h2>
<p>
-The general life-cycle for a new certificate for an Individual Member is:</p>
-<ol><li>
+The general life-cycle for a new certificate for an Individual Member is:
+
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
Member adds claim to an address (domain/email).
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
System probes address for control.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Member creates key pair.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Member submits CSR with desired options (Anonymous Certificate, SSO, Root Certificate) .
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
System validates and accepts CSR based on
known information: claims, assurance, controls, technicalities.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
System signs certificate.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
System makes signed certificate available to Member.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Member accepts certificate.
-</li></ol>
-
-
+</li>
+</ol>
+
+<p></p>
<p>
(Some steps are not applicable, such as anonymous certificates.)
</p>
-<section id="p4.1">
-<h3>4.1. Certificate Application</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.1">4.1. Certificate Application</h3>
-<section id="p4.1.1">
-<h4>4.1.1. Who can submit a certificate application</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.1.1">4.1.1. Who can submit a certificate application</h4>
<p>
Members may submit certificate applications.
On issuance of certificates, Members become Subscribers.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.1.2">
-<h4>4.1.2. Adding Addresses</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.1.2">4.1.2. Adding Addresses</h4>
<p>
The Member can claim ownership or authorised control of
a domain or email address on the online system.
This is a necessary step towards issuing a certificate.
-There are these controls:</p>
-<ul><li>
+There are these controls:
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
The claim of ownership or control is legally significant
and may be referred to dispute resolution.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Each unique address can be handled by one account only.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
When the Member makes the claim,
the certificate application system automatically initiates the
check of control, as below.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
-
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p></p>
-<section id="p4.1.3">
-<h4>4.1.3. Preparing CSR </h4>
+<h4 id="p4.1.3">4.1.3. Preparing CSR </h4>
<p>
Members generate their own key-pairs.
The CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>)
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>)
obliges the Member as responsible for security.
-See <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s2.5">CCA 2.5</a>, <a href="#p9.6">&sect;9.6</a>.
+See CCA2.5, §9.6.
</p>
<p>
The Certificate Signing Request (CSR) is prepared by the
Member for presentation to the automated system.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p4.2">4.2. Certificate application processing</h3>
-
-<section id="p4.2">
-<h3>4.2. Certificate application processing</h3>
+<!-- states what a CA does on receipt of the request -->
<p>
The CA's certificate application process is completely automated.
@@ -1968,293 +2239,371 @@ purpose, the requirements for each purpose must be
fulfilled.
</p>
-<section id="p4.2.1">
-<h4>4.2.1. Authentication </h4>
+<!-- all sub headings in 4.2 are local, not from Chokhani. -->
+
+<h4 id="p4.2.1">4.2.1. Authentication </h4>
<p>
The Member logs in to her account on the CAcert website
and thereby authenticates herself with username
and passphrase or with her CAcert client-side digital certificate.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.2.2">
-<h4>4.2.2. Verifying Control</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.2.2">4.2.2. Verifying Control</h4>
<p>
In principle, at least two controls are placed on each address.
</p>
-<dl>
-
-<dt id="ping">Email-Ping</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b><a name="ping">Email-Ping</a>.</b>
Email addresses are verified by means of an
-<em><a id="pingtest">Email-Ping test</a></em>:
-<ul><li>
+<i><a name="ping">Email-Ping test</a></i>:
+</p>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
The system generates a cookie
(a random, hard-to-guess code)
and formats it as a string.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The system sends the cookie
to the Member in an email.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Once the Member receives the email,
she enters the cookie into the website.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The entry of the code verifies
control of that email account.
-</li></ul>
-</dd>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<dt id="email">Email Control</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b><a name="email">Email Control</a>.</b>
Email addresses for client certificates are verified by passing the
following checks:
+</p>
<ol>
- <li>An Email-ping test
+
+<li>An Email-ping test
is done on the email address.
</li>
- <li>The Member must have signed a CAP form or equivalent,
+
+<li>The Member must have signed a CAP form or equivalent,
and been awarded at least one Assurance point.
</li>
</ol>
-</dd>
-<dt id="domain">Domain Control</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b><a name="domain">Domain Control</a>.</b>
Domains addresses for server certificates are verified by passing two of the
following checks:
-<ol> <li>
+</p>
+<ol>
+<li>
An Email-ping test
- is done on an email address chosen from <em>whois</em>
+ is done on an email address chosen from <i>whois</i>
or interpolated from the domain name.
- </li> <li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The system generates a cookie
which is then placed in DNS
by the Member.
- </li> <li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The system generates a cookie
which is then placed in HTTP headers or a text file on the website
by the Member.
- </li> <li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Statement by at least 2 Assurers about
ownership/control of the domain name.
- </li> <li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The system generates a cookie
which is then placed in whois registry information
by the Member.
-</li> </ol>
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
+</li>
+</ol>
<p>
-Notes.</p>
-<ul><li>
+Notes.
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
Other methods can be added from time to time by CAcert.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Static cookies should remain for the duration of a certificate
for occasional re-testing.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Dynamic tests can be repeated at a later time of CAcert's choosing.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Domain control checks may be extended to apply to email control
in the future.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p></p>
+
-<section id="p4.2.3">
-<h4>4.2.3. Options Available</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p4.2.3">4.2.3. Options Available</h4>
<p>
The Member has options available:
</p>
+
<ul>
- <li>Each Email address that is verified
+
+<li>Each Email address that is verified
is available for Client Certificates.
</li>
- <li>Each Domain address that is verified
+
+<li>Each Domain address that is verified
is available for Server Certificates.
</li>
- <li>If the Member is unassured then only the Member SubRoot is available.
+
+<li>If the Member is unassured then only the Member SubRoot is available.
</li>
- <li>If the Member is Assured then both Assured Member and Member SubRoots
+
+<li>If the Member is Assured then both Assured Member and Member SubRoots
are available.
</li>
- <li>If a Name is Assured then it may be
+
+<li>If a Name is Assured then it may be
put in a client certificate or an OpenPGP signature.
</li>
</ul>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.2.4">
-<h4>4.2.4. Client Certificate Procedures</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.2.4">4.2.4. Client Certificate Procedures</h4>
<p>
-For an individual client certificate, the following is required.</p>
+For an individual client certificate, the following is required.
+</p>
<ul>
- <li>The email address is claimed and added. </li>
- <li>The email address is ping-tested. </li>
- <li>For the Member Subroot, the Member must have
+
+<li>The email address is claimed and added. </li>
+
+<li>The email address is ping-tested. </li>
+
+<li>For the Member Subroot, the Member must have
at least one point of Assurance and have signed a CAP form.</li>
- <li>For the Assured Subroot, the Member must have
+
+<li>For the Assured Subroot, the Member must have
at least fifty points of Assurance. </li>
- <li>To include a Name, the Name must be assured to at least fifty points. </li>
+
+<li>To include a Name, the Name must be assured to at least fifty points. </li>
</ul>
-</section>
+<p></p>
-<section id="p4.2.5">
-<h4>4.2.5. Server Certificate Procedures</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.2.5">4.2.5. Server Certificate Procedures</h4>
<p>
-For a server certificate, the following is required:</p>
+For a server certificate, the following is required:
+</p>
<ul>
- <li>The domain is claimed and added. </li>
- <li>The domain is checked twice as above. </li>
- <li>For the Member SubRoot, the Member must have
+
+<li>The domain is claimed and added. </li>
+
+<li>The domain is checked twice as above. </li>
+
+<li>For the Member SubRoot, the Member must have
at least one point of Assurance and have signed a CAP form.</li>
- <li>For the Assured SubRoot, the Member must have
+
+<li>For the Assured SubRoot, the Member must have
at least fifty points of Assurance. </li>
</ul>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.2.6">
-<h4>4.2.6. Code-signing Certificate Procedures</h4>
+<p></p>
+
+<h4 id="p4.2.6">4.2.6. Code-signing Certificate Procedures</h4>
<p>
Code-signing certificates are made available to Assurers only.
They are processed in a similar manner to client certificates.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.2.7">
-<h4>4.2.7. Organisation Domain Verification</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.2.7">4.2.7. Organisation Domain Verification</h4>
<p>
Organisation Domains are handled under the Organisation Assurance Policy
and the Organisation Handbook.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p4.3">4.3. Certificate issuance</h3>
-<section id="p4.3">
-<h3>4.3. Certificate issuance</h3>
+<h4 id="p4.3.1">4.3.1. CA actions during certificate issuance</h4>
-<section id="p4.3.1">
-<h4>4.3.1. CA actions during certificate issuance</h4>
-
-<section id="p4.3.1.1">
-<h5>4.3.1.1. Key Sizes</h5>
<p>
+<b>Key Sizes.</b>
Members may request keys of any size permitted by the key algorithm.
Many older hardware devices require small keys.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.3.1.2">
-<h5>4.3.1.2. Algorithms</h5>
<p>
+<b>Algorithms.</b>
CAcert currently only supports the RSA algorithm for X.509 keys.
X.509 signing uses the SHA-1 message digest algorithm.
OpenPGP Signing uses RSA signing over RSA and DSA keys.
+
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.3.1.3">
-<h5>4.3.1.3. Process for Certificates</h5>
<p>
+<b>Process for Certificates:</b>
All details in each certificate are verified
by the website issuance system.
Issuance is based on a 'template' system that selects
profiles for certificate lifetime, size, algorithm.
</p>
-<ol><li>
+
+
+<ol>
+<li>
The CSR is verified.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Data is extracted from CSR and verified:
- <ul>
- <li> Name <a href="#p3.1">&sect;3.1</a>, </li>
- <li> Email address <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2</a>, </li>
- <li> Domain address <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2</a>. </li>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li> Name §3.1, </li>
+
+<li> Email address <a href="#p4.2.2">§4.2.2</a>, </li>
+
+<li> Domain address <a href="#p4.2.2">§4.2.2</a>. </li>
</ul>
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Certificate is generated from template.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Data is copied from CSR.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Certificate is signed.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Certificate is stored as well as mailed.
-</li></ol>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ol>
+
-<section id="p4.3.1.4">
-<h5>4.3.1.4. Process for OpenPGP key signatures</h5>
<p>
+<b>Process for OpenPGP key signatures:</b>
All details in each Sub-ID are verified
by the website issuance system.
Issuance is based on the configuration that selects
the profile for signature lifetime, size,
algorithm following the process:
</p>
-<ol><li>
+
+<ol>
+<li>
The public key is verified.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Data is extracted from the key and verified (Name, Emails).
Only the combinations of data in Table 4.3.1 are permitted.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
OpenPGP Key Signature is generated.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Key Signature is applied to the key.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The signed key is stored as well as mailed.
-</li></ol>
-
-<figure id="t4.3.1">
-<table class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th></th>
- <th>Verified Name</th>
- <th>Unverified Name</th>
- <th>Empty Name</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+</li>
+</ol>
+
+<center>
+<table valign="top" border="1" cellpadding="5" align="center">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="r">Verified email</th>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3">&#10004;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3">&#10004;</td>
+
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<br>
+</td>
+
+<td>Verified Name</td>
+
+<td valign="top">Unverified Name
+<br>
+</td>
+
+<td>Empty Name
+<br>
+</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="r">Unverified email</th>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="r">Empty email</th>
- <td title="pass" class="c clrGreen size3">&#10004;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
- <td title="fail" class="c clrRed size3">&#10008;</td>
+
+<tr>
+
+<td>Verified email
+<br>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td valign="top">
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
</tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
-<figcaption>Table 4.3.1. Permitted Data in Signed OpenPgp Keys</figcaption>
-</figure>
-</section>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Unverified email</td>
-</section>
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td valign="top">
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+<td valign="top">Empty email
+<br>
+</td>
+<td valign="top">
+<center> <font title="pass." color="green" size="+3"> ✔ </font> </center>
+</td>
-<section id="p4.3.2">
-<h4>4.3.2. Notification to subscriber by the CA of issuance of certificate</h4>
+<td valign="top">
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+
+<td valign="top">
+<center> <font title="pass." color="red" size="+3"> ✘ </font> </center>
+</td>
+ </tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+<br>
+
+<span class="figure">Table 4.3.1. Permitted Data in Signed OpenPgp Keys</span>
+</center>
+
+<h4 id="p4.3.2">4.3.2. Notification to subscriber by the CA of issuance of certificate</h4>
<p>
Once signed, the certificate is
@@ -2262,25 +2611,18 @@ made available via the Member's account,
and emailed to the Member.
It is also archived internally.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-<section id="p4.4">
-<h3>4.4. Certificate acceptance</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.4">4.4. Certificate acceptance</h3>
-<section id="p4.4.1">
-<h4>4.4.1. Conduct constituting certificate acceptance</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.4.1">4.4.1. Conduct constituting certificate acceptance</h4>
<p>
There is no need for the Member to explicitly accept the certificate.
In case the Member does not accept the certificate,
the certificate has to be revoked and made again.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.4.2">
-<h4>4.4.2. Publication of the certificate by the CA</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.4.2">4.4.2. Publication of the certificate by the CA</h4>
<p>
CAcert does not currently publish the issued certificates
@@ -2290,114 +2632,123 @@ the publication of certificates and signatures
there will be at the Member's options.
However note that certificates that are issued
and delivered to the Member are presumed to be
-published. See <a href="#p2.2">&sect;2.2</a>.
+published. See §2.2.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.4.3">
-<h4>4.4.3. Notification of certificate issuance by the CA to other entities</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.4.3">4.4.3. Notification of certificate issuance by the CA to other entities</h4>
<p>
There are no external entities that are notified about issued certificates.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p4.5">
-<h3>4.5. Key pair and certificate usage</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.5">4.5. Key pair and certificate usage</h3>
<p>
All Members (subscribers and relying parties)
are obliged according to the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>)
-See especially <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s2.3">2.3</a> through <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s2.5">2.5</a>.
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>)
+See especially 2.3 through 2.5.
</p>
-
-<section id="p4.5.1">
-<h4>4.5.1. Subscriber Usage and Responsibilities</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.5.1">4.5.1. Subscriber Usage and Responsibilities</h4>
<p>
Subscribers should use keys only for their proper purpose,
as indicated by the certificate, or by wider agreement with
others.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.5.2">
-<h4>4.5.2. Relying Party Usage and Responsibilities</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.5.2">4.5.2. Relying Party Usage and Responsibilities</h4>
+
<p>
Relying parties (Members) may rely on the following.
</p>
-<div class="importend">
- <div class="c">
- <strong class="size1">Relying Party Statement</strong>
- <p class="c">
- Certificates are issued to Members only.<br /><br />
- All information in a certificate is verified.
- </p>
- </div>
-</div>
+<center>
+
+<table border="1" cellpadding="25">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+<td>
+
+<p align="center">
+ <big><b>Relying Party Statement</b></big>
+ </p>
+<p>
+ Certificates are issued to Members only.
+<br>
+
+<br>
+ All information in a certificate is verified.
+ </p>
+ </td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
+</center>
+
<p>
The following notes are in addition to the Relying Party Statement,
and can be seen as limitations on it.
</p>
-<section id="p4.5.2.a">
-<h5>4.5.2.a Methods of Verification </h5>
+<h5 id="p4.5.2.1">4.5.2.a Methods of Verification </h5>
<p>
The term Verification as used in the Relying Party Statement means one of
</p>
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th>Type</th><th>How</th><th>Authority</th><th>remarks</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Assurance</th>
- <td>under CAcert Assurance Programme (CAP)</td>
- <td>Assurance Policy</td>
- <td>only information assured to 50 points under CAP is placed in the certificate </td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Evaluation</th>
- <td>under automated domain and email checks </td>
- <td>this CPS</td>
- <td>see <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;4.2.2</a></td>
- </tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Controlled</th>
- <td>programs or "profiles" that check the information within the CSR </td>
- <td>this CPS</td>
- <td>see <a href="#p4.2.2">&sect;7.1</a></td>
- </tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Type</th>
+<th>How</th>
+<th>Authority</th>
+<th>remarks</th>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Assurance</th>
+<td>under CAcert Assurance Programme (CAP)</td>
+
+<td>Assurance Policy</td>
+
+<td>only information assured to 50 points under CAP is placed in the certificate </td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
-</section>
+<th>Evaluation</th>
+<td>under automated domain and email checks </td>
-<section id="p4.5.2.b">
-<h5>4.5.2.b Who may rely</h5>
+<td>this CPS</td>
-<dl>
+<td>see §4.2.2</td>
+</tr>
+<tr>
+
+<th>Controlled</th>
+<td>programs or "profiles" that check the information within the CSR </td>
+
+<td>this CPS</td>
+
+<td>see §7.1</td>
+</tr>
+</tbody>
+</table>
-<dt>Members may rely.</dt>
-<dd>
+<h5 id="p4.5.2.2">4.5.2.b Who may rely</h5>
+<p>
+<b>Members may rely.</b>
Relying parties are Members,
and as such are bound by this CPS and the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>).
The licence and permission to rely is not assignable.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Suppliers of Software</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Suppliers of Software.</b>
CAcert roots may be distributed in software,
and those providers may
enter into agreement with CAcert by means of the
@@ -2407,28 +2758,22 @@ This licence brings the supplier in to the Community
to the extent that
they agree to dispute resolution
within CAcert's forum.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>NRPs may not rely.</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>NRPs may not rely.</b>
If not related to CAcert by means of an agreement
that binds the parties to dispute resolution within CAcert's forum,
a person is a Non-Related-Person (NRP).
An NRP is not permitted to rely and is not a Relying Party.
For more details, see the
-Root Distribution License (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD14</a>).
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p4.5.2.c">
-<h5>4.5.2.c The Act of Reliance </h5>
+NRP - Disclaimer and Licence (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>).
+</p>
-<dl>
+<h5 id="p4.5.2.3">4.5.2.c The Act of Reliance </h5>
-<dt>Decision making</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Decision making.</b>
Reliance means taking a decision that is in part or in whole
based on the information in the certificate.
@@ -2438,47 +2783,62 @@ and the implied information such as Membership,
into her decision-making.
In making a decision,
a Relying Party should also:
-<ul><li>
+</p>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
include her own overall risk equation,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
include the general limitations of the Assurance process,
certificates, and wider security considerations,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
make additional checks to provide more information,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
consider any wider agreement with the other Member, and
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
use an appropriate protocol or custom of reliance (below).
-</li></ul>
-</dd>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<dt>Examining the Certificate</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Examining the Certificate.</b>
A Relying Party must make her own decision in using
each certificate. She must examine the certificate,
-a process called <em>validation</em>.
+a process called <i>validation</i>.
Certificate-related information includes,
but is not limited to:
-<ul><li>
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
Name,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
expiry time of certificate,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
current certificate revocation list (CRL),
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
certificate chain and
the validity check of the certificates in the chain,
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
issuer of certificate (CAcert),
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
SubRoot is intended for reliance (Assured, Organisation and Class 3)
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
purpose of certificate.
-</li></ul>
-</dd>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<dt>Keeping Records</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Keeping Records.</b>
Records should be kept, appropriate to the import of the decision.
The certificate should be preserved.
This should include sufficient
@@ -2487,10 +2847,10 @@ evidence to establish who the parties are
to establish the transaction in question,
and to establish the wider agreement that
defines the act.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Wider Protocol</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Wider Protocol.</b>
In principle, reliance will be part of a wider protocol
(customary method in reaching and preserving agreement)
that presents and preserves sufficient of the evidence
@@ -2500,28 +2860,21 @@ and tuned to the needs.
This CPS does not define any such protocol.
In the absence of such a protocol, reliance will be weakened;
a dispute without sufficient evidence may be dismissed by an Arbitrator.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>As Compared to Usage</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>As Compared to Usage</b>.
Reliance goes beyond Usage. The latter is limited to
letting the software act as the total and only Validation
Authority. When relying, the Member also augments
the algorithmic processing of the software with her own
checks of the business, technical and certificate aspect.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p4.5.2.d">
-<h5>4.5.2.d Risks and Limitations of Reliance </h5>
-
-<dl>
+</p>
-<dt>Roots and Naming</dt>
-<dd>
-<p>Where the Class 1 root is used,
+<h5 id="p4.5.2.4">4.5.2.d Risks and Limitations of Reliance </h5>
+<p>
+<b>Roots and Naming.</b>
+Where the Class 1 root is used,
this Subscriber may be a new Member
including one with zero points.
Where the Name is not provided,
@@ -2532,85 +2885,121 @@ and Relying parties should take more care.
See Table 4.5.2.
</p>
-<figure id="t4.5.2">
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
- <caption class="i">Statements of Reliance for Members</caption>
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th class="i">Class of Root</th>
- <th><strong>Anonymous</strong><br>(all Members)</th>
- <th><strong>Named</strong><br>(Assured Members only)</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Class<br><strong>1</strong></th>
- <td rowspan="2" class="bgClrRed">
- <strong>Do not rely.</strong><br>
+<tr>
+
+<td></td>
+
+<td colspan="4">
+<center><i>Statements of Reliance for Members</i></center>
+</td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td><i>Class of Root</i></td>
+
+<td>
+<center><b>Anonymous</b>
+<br>
+(all Members)</center>
+</td>
+
+<td>
+<center><b>Named</b>
+<br>
+(Assured Members only)</center>
+</td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Class
+<br>
+<big><b>1</b></big></center>
+</td>
+
+<td rowspan="2" bgcolor="red">
+ <b>Do not rely.</b>
+<br>
Relying party must use other methods to check. </td>
- <td rowspan="2" class="bgClrOrange">
+
+<td rowspan="2" bgcolor="orange">
Do not rely.
Although the named Member has been Assured by CAcert,
- reliance is not defined with Class 1 root.<br>
+ reliance is not defined with Class 1 root.
+<br>
(issued for compatibility only).</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row"><strong>Member</strong><br>SubRoot</th>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center><big><b>Member</b></big>
+<br>
+SubRoot</center>
+</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Class<br><strong>3</strong></th >
- <td rowspan="2" class="bgClrOrange">
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center>Class
+<br>
+<big><b>3</b></big></center>
+</td>
+
+<td rowspan="2" bgcolor="orange">
Do not rely on the Name (being available).
The Member has been Assured by CAcert,
but reliance is undefined.</td>
- <td rowspan="2">
+
+<td rowspan="2">
The Member named in the certificate has been Assured by CAcert.</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row"><strong>Assured</strong><br>SubRoot</th>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
+<center><big><b>Assured</b></big>
+<br>
+SubRoot</center>
+</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 4.5.2. Statements of Reliance</figcaption>
-</figure>
-</dd>
+<span class="figure">Table 4.5.2. Statements of Reliance</span>
+</center>
-<dt>Software Agent</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Software Agent.</b>
When relying on a certificate, relying parties should
note that your software is responsible for the way it
shows you the information in a certificate.
If your software agent hides parts of the information,
your sole remedy may be to choose another software agent.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Malware</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Malware.</b>
When relying on a certificate, relying parties should
note that platforms that are vulnerable to viruses or
trojans or other weaknesses may not process any certificates
properly and may give deceptive or fraudulent results.
It is your responsibility to ensure you are using a platform
that is secured according to the needs of the application.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
+</p>
-<section id="p4.5.2.e">
-<h5>4.5.2.e When something goes wrong </h5>
+<h5 id="p4.5.2.5">4.5.2.e When something goes wrong </h5>
<p>
In the event that an issue arises out of the Member's reliance,
-her sole avenue is <strong>to file dispute under DRP</strong>.
-See <a href="#p9.13">&sect;9.13</a>.
-<!-- DRC_A&sect;A.4.d -->
+her sole avenue is <b>to file dispute under DRP</b>.
+See <a href="#p9.13">§9.13</a>.
+
For this purpose, the certificate (and other evidence) should be preserved.
</p>
-<dl>
-<dt>Which person?</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Which person?</b>
Members may install certificates for other individuals or in servers,
but the Member to whom the certificate is issued
remains the responsible person.
@@ -2618,88 +3007,74 @@ E.g., under Organisation Assurance, an organisation is issued
a certificate for the use by individuals
or servers within that organisation,
but the Organisation is the responsible person.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Software Agent</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Software Agent.</b>
If a Member is relying on a CAcert root embedded in
the software as supplied by a vendor,
the risks, liabilities and obligations of the Member
do not automatically transfer to the vendor.
-</dd>
-
-</dl>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-</section>
-
+</p>
-<section id="p4.6">
-<h3>4.6. Certificate renewal</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.6">4.6. Certificate renewal</h3>
<p>
A certificate can be renewed at any time.
The procedure of certificate renewal is the same
as for the initial certificate issuance.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.7">
-<h3>4.7. Certificate re-key</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.7">4.7. Certificate re-key</h3>
<p>
Certificate "re-keyings" are not offered nor supported.
A new certificate with a new key has to be requested and issued instead,
and the old one revoked.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.8">
-<h3>4.8. Certificate modification</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.8">4.8. Certificate modification</h3>
<p>
Certificate "modifications" are not offered nor supported.
A new certificate has to be requested and issued instead.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9">
-<h3>4.9. Certificate revocation and suspension</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.9">4.9. Certificate revocation and suspension</h3>
-<section id="p4.9.1">
-<h4>4.9.1. Circumstances for revocation</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.1">4.9.1. Circumstances for revocation</h4>
<p>
Certificates may be revoked under the following circumstances:
</p>
-<ol><li>
+
+<ol>
+<li>
As initiated by the Subscriber through her online account.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
As initiated in an emergency action by a
support team member.
Such action will immediately be referred to dispute resolution
for ratification.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Under direction from the Arbitrator in a duly ordered ruling
from a filed dispute.
-</li></ol>
+</li>
+</ol>
<p>
These are the only three circumstances under which a
revocation occurs.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.2">
-<h4>4.9.2. Who can request revocation</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.2">4.9.2. Who can request revocation</h4>
<p>
As above.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.3">
-<h4>4.9.3. Procedure for revocation request</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.3">4.9.3. Procedure for revocation request</h4>
<p>
The Subscriber logs in to her online account through
the website at http://www.cacert.org/ .
@@ -2711,16 +3086,12 @@ a dispute should be filed
by email at
&lt; support AT cacert DOT org &gt;
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.4">
-<h4>4.9.4. Revocation request grace period</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.4">4.9.4. Revocation request grace period</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.5">
-<h4>4.9.5. Time within which CA must process the revocation request</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.5">4.9.5. Time within which CA must process the revocation request</h4>
<p>
The revocation automated in the Web Interface for subscribers,
@@ -2731,10 +3102,8 @@ and is handled generally in less than a minute.
A filed dispute that requests a revocation should be handled
within a five business days, however the Arbitrator has discretion.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.6">
-<h4>4.9.6. Revocation checking requirement for relying parties</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.6">4.9.6. Revocation checking requirement for relying parties</h4>
<p>
Each revoked certificate is recorded in the
@@ -2743,353 +3112,307 @@ Relying Parties must check a certificate against
the most recent CRL issued, in order to validate
the certificate for the intended reliance.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.7">
-<h4>4.9.7. CRL issuance frequency (if applicable)</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.7">4.9.7. CRL issuance frequency (if applicable)</h4>
<p>
A new CRL is issued after every certificate revocation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.8">
-<h4>4.9.8. Maximum latency for CRLs (if applicable)</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.8">4.9.8. Maximum latency for CRLs (if applicable)</h4>
<p>
The maximum latency between revocation and issuance of the CRL is 1 hour.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.9">
-<h4>4.9.9. On-line revocation/status checking availability</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.9">4.9.9. On-line revocation/status checking availability</h4>
<p>
OCSP is available at
http://ocsp.cacert.org/ .
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.10">
-<h4>4.9.10. On-line revocation checking requirements</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.10">4.9.10. On-line revocation checking requirements</h4>
<p>
Relying parties must check up-to-date status before relying.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.11">
-<h4>4.9.11. Other forms of revocation advertisements available</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.11">4.9.11. Other forms of revocation advertisements available</h4>
<p>
None.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.12">
-<h4>4.9.12. Special requirements re key compromise</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.12">4.9.12. Special requirements re key compromise</h4>
<p>
Subscribers are obliged to revoke certificates at the earliest opportunity.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.13">
-<h4>4.9.13. Circumstances for suspension</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.13">4.9.13. Circumstances for suspension</h4>
<p>
Suspension of certificates is not available.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.14">
-<h4>4.9.14. Who can request suspension</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.14">4.9.14. Who can request suspension</h4>
<p>
Not applicable.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.15">
-<h4>4.9.15. Procedure for suspension request</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.15">4.9.15. Procedure for suspension request</h4>
<p>
Not applicable.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.9.16">
-<h4>4.9.16. Limits on suspension period</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.9.16">4.9.16. Limits on suspension period</h4>
<p>
Not applicable.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.10">
-<h3>4.10. Certificate status services</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.10">4.10. Certificate status services</h3>
-<section id="p4.10.1">
-<h4>4.10.1. Operational characteristics</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.10.1">4.10.1. Operational characteristics</h4>
<p>
OCSP is available
at http://ocsp.cacert.org/ .
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.10.2">
-<h4>4.10.2. Service availability</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.10.2">4.10.2. Service availability</h4>
<p>
OCSP is made available on an experimental basis.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.10.3">
-<h4>4.10.3. Optional features</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.10.3">4.10.3. Optional features</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p4.11">
-<h3>4.11. End of subscription</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.11">4.11. End of subscription</h3>
<p>
Certificates include expiry dates.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.12">
-<h3>4.12. Key escrow and recovery</h3>
+<h3 id="p4.12">4.12. Key escrow and recovery</h3>
-<section id="p4.12.1">
-<h4>4.12.1. Key escrow and recovery policy and practices</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.12.1">4.12.1. Key escrow and recovery policy and practices</h4>
<p>
CAcert does not generate nor escrow subscriber keys.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p4.12.2">
-<h4>4.12.2. Session key encapsulation and recovery policy and practices</h4>
+<h4 id="p4.12.2">4.12.2. Session key encapsulation and recovery policy and practices</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p5">
-<h2>5. FACILITY, MANAGEMENT, AND OPERATIONAL CONTROLS</h2>
+<h2 id="p5">5. FACILITY, MANAGEMENT, AND OPERATIONAL CONTROLS</h2>
-<section id="p5.1">
-<h3>5.1. Physical controls</h3>
+<!-- <a href="http://xkcd.com/87/">
+<img align="right" src="http://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/velociraptors.jpg">
+ </a> -->
+
+<h3 id="p5.1">5.1. Physical controls</h3>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)</p>
-<ul><li>
- Site location and construction - <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s2.1">SP2.1</a>
- </li><li>
- Physical access - <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s2.3">SP2.3</a>
-</li></ul>
+Refer to Security Policy (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+</p>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ Site location and construction - SP2.1
+ </li>
+<li>
+ Physical access - SP2.3
+</li>
+</ul>
+<p></p>
-<section id="p5.1.3">
-<h4>5.1.3. Power and air conditioning</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.1">5.1.1. Power and air conditioning</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 2.1.2 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+Refer to Security Policy 2.1.2 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.1.4">
-<h4>5.1.4. Water exposures</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.2">5.1.2. Water exposures</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 2.1.4 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+Refer to Security Policy 2.1.4 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.1.5">
-<h4>5.1.5. Fire prevention and protection</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.3">5.1.3. Fire prevention and protection</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 2.1.4 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+Refer to Security Policy 2.1.4 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.1.6">
-<h4>5.1.6. Media storage</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.4">5.1.4. Media storage</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 4.3 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+Refer to Security Policy 4.3 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.1.7">
-<h4>5.1.7. Waste disposal</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.5">5.1.5. Waste disposal</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.1.8">
-<h4>5.1.8. Off-site backup</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.1.6">5.1.6. Off-site backup</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 4.3 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s4.3">COD8</a>)
+Refer to Security Policy 4.3 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p5.2">5.2. Procedural controls</h3>
+<h4 id="p5.2.1">5.2.1. Trusted roles</h4>
-<section id="p5.2">
-<h3>5.2. Procedural controls</h3>
+<ul>
-<section id="p5.2.1">
-<h4>5.2.1. Trusted roles</h4>
+<li><b> Technical teams:</b>
-<dl>
- <dt>Technical teams</dt>
- <dd>
- <ul>
- <li>User support personnel</li>
- <li>Systems Administrators -- critical and non-critical</li>
- <li>Softare Developers</li>
- <li>controllers of keys</li>
+<ul>
+
+<li>User support personnel</li>
+
+<li>Systems Administrators -- critical and non-critical</li>
+
+<li>Softare Developers</li>
+
+<li>controllers of keys</li>
</ul>
- Refer to Security Policy 9.1 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s9.1">COD8</a>)
+ Refer to Security Policy 9.1 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>)
+
+ </li>
+
- </dd>
+<li><b>Assurance:</b>
- <dt>Assurance</dt>
- <dd>
- <ul>
- <li>Assurers</li>
- <li> Any others authorised under COD13 </li>
+<ul>
+
+<li>Assurers</li>
+
+<li> Any others authorised under COD13 </li>
</ul>
- Refer to Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>)
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Governance</dt>
- <dd>
- <ul>
- <li>Directors (members of the CAcert Inc. committee, or "Board") </li>
- <li>Internal Auditor</li>
- <li>Arbitrator</li>
+ Refer to Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>)
+ </li>
+
+
+<li><b>Governance:</b>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li>Directors (members of the CAcert Inc. committee, or "Board") </li>
+
+<li>Internal Auditor</li>
+
+<li>Arbitrator</li>
</ul>
- </dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+ </li>
+</ul>
+
-<section id="p5.2.2">
-<h4>5.2.2. Number of persons required per task</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.2.2">5.2.2. Number of persons required per task</h4>
<p>
-CAcert operates to the principles of <em>four eyes</em> and <em>dual control</em>.
+CAcert operates to the principles of <i>four eyes</i> and <i>dual control</i>.
All important roles require a minimum of two persons.
The people may be tasked to operate
-with an additional person observing (<em>four eyes</em>),
-or with two persons controlling (<em>dual control</em>).
+with an additional person observing (<i>four eyes</i>),
+or with two persons controlling (<i>dual control</i>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.2.3">
-<h4>5.2.3. Identification and authentication for each role</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.2.3">5.2.3. Identification and authentication for each role</h4>
<p>
All important roles are generally required to be assured
at least to the level of Assurer, as per AP.
-Refer to Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+Refer to Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
</p>
-<section>
-<h5>Technical</h5>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 9.1 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s9.1">COD8</a>).
+<b>Technical.</b>
+Refer to Security Policy 9.1 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-<section id="p5.2.4">
-<h4>5.2.4. Roles requiring separation of duties</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.2.4">5.2.4. Roles requiring separation of duties</h4>
<p>
Roles strive in general for separation of duties, either along the lines of
-<em>four eyes principle</em> or <em>dual control</em>.
+<i>four eyes principle</i> or <i>dual control</i>.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p5.3">5.3. Personnel controls</h3>
-<section id="p5.3">
-<h3>5.3. Personnel controls</h3>
+<h4 id="p5.3.1">5.3.1. Qualifications, experience, and clearance requirements</h4>
-<section id="p5.3.1">
-<h4>5.3.1. Qualifications, experience, and clearance requirements</h4>
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
-<figure id="t5.3.1">
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th class="b">Role</th><th class="b">Policy</th><th class="b">Comments</th>
+<td><b>Role</b></td>
+<td><b>Policy</b></td>
+<td><b>Comments</b></td>
</tr>
-</thead>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l">Assurer</th>
- <td><a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html"> COD13</a></td>
- <td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Assurer</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php"> COD13</a></td>
+
+<td>
Passes Challenge, Assured to 100 points.
</td>
- </tr><tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l">Organisation Assurer</th>
- <td><a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html">COD11</a></td>
- <td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Organisation Assurer</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.php">COD11</a></td>
+
+<td>
Trained and tested by two supervising OAs.
</td>
- </tr><tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l">Technical</th>
- <td>SM =&gt; <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a></td>
- <td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Technical</td>
+
+<td>SM =&gt; COD08</td>
+
+<td>
Teams responsible for testing.
</td>
- </tr><tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l">Arbitrator</th>
- <td><a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a></td>
- <td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Arbitrator</td>
+
+<td><a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php">COD7</a></td>
+
+<td>
Experienced Assurers.
</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 5.3.1. Controls on Roles</figcaption>
-</figure>
-</section>
+<span class="figure">Table 5.3.1. Controls on Roles</span>
+</center>
+
-<section id="p5.3.2">
-<h4>5.3.2. Background check procedures</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.2">5.3.2. Background check procedures</h4>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy 9.1.3 (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s9.1.3">COD8</a>).
+Refer to Security Policy 9.1.3 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.3.3">
-<h4>5.3.3. Training requirements</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.3">5.3.3. Training requirements</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p5.3.4">
-<h4>5.3.4. Retraining frequency and requirements</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.4">5.3.4. Retraining frequency and requirements</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.3.5">
-<h4>5.3.5. Job rotation frequency and sequence</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.5">5.3.5. Job rotation frequency and sequence</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.3.6">
-<h4>5.3.6. Sanctions for unauthorized actions</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.6">5.3.6. Sanctions for unauthorized actions</h4>
<p>
Any actions that are questionable
- whether uncertain or grossly negligent -
@@ -3097,32 +3420,22 @@ may be filed as a dispute.
The Arbitrator has wide discretion in
ruling on loss of points, retraining,
or termination of access or status.
-Refer to DRP (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a>).
+Refer to DRP.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.3.7">
-<h4>5.3.7. Independent contractor requirements</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.7">5.3.7. Independent contractor requirements</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.3.8">
-<h4>5.3.8. Documentation supplied to personnel</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.3.8">5.3.8. Documentation supplied to personnel</h4>
<p>No stipulation.</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p5.4">
-<h3>5.4. Audit logging procedures</h3>
+<h3 id="p5.4">5.4. Audit logging procedures</h3>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s4.2">4.2</a>, <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s5">5</a> (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
+Refer to Security Policy 4.2, 5 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.5">
-<h3>5.5. Records archival</h3>
+<h3 id="p5.5">5.5. Records archival</h3>
<p>
The standard retention period is 7 years.
Once archived, records can only be obtained and verified
@@ -3130,75 +3443,96 @@ by means of a filed dispute.
Following types of records are archived:
</p>
-<figure>
-<table border="1" class="parentC">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th class="b">Record</th>
- <th class="b">Nature</th>
- <th class="b">Exceptions</th>
- <th class="b">Documentation</th>
- </tr>
-</thead>
+<center>
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Member</th>
- <td>username, primary and added addresses, security questions, Date of Birth</td>
- <td>resigned non-subscribers: 0 years.</td>
- <td>Security Policy and Privacy Policy</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td><b>Record</b></td>
+
+<td><b>Nature</b></td>
+
+<td><b>Exceptions</b></td>
+
+<td><b>Documentation</b></td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Assurance</th>
- <td>CAP forms</td>
- <td>"at least 7 years."<br> as per subsidiary policies</td>
- <td>Assurance Policy 4.5</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Member</td>
+
+<td>username, primary and added addresses, security questions, Date of Birth</td>
+
+<td>resigned non-subscribers: 0 years.</td>
+
+<td>Security Policy and Privacy Policy</td>
+ </tr>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Assurance</td>
+
+<td>CAP forms</td>
+
+<td>"at least 7 years."
+<br>
+ as per subsidiary policies</td>
+
+<td>Assurance Policy 4.5</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">Organisation Assurance</th>
- <td>COAP forms</td>
- <td>as per subsidiary policies</td>
- <td>Organisation Assurance Policy</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>Organisation Assurance</td>
+
+<td>COAP forms</td>
+
+<td>as per subsidiary policies</td>
+
+<td>Organisation Assurance Policy</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">certificates and revocations</th>
- <td> for reliance </td>
- <td> 7 years after termination </td>
- <td>this CPS</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>certificates and revocations</td>
+
+<td> for reliance </td>
+
+<td> 7 years after termination </td>
+
+<td>this CPS</td>
</tr>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row">critical roles</th>
- <td>background check worksheets</td>
- <td>under direct Arbitrator control</td>
- <td>Security Policy 9.1.3</td>
+<tr>
+
+<td>critical roles</td>
+
+<td>background check worksheets</td>
+
+<td>under direct Arbitrator control</td>
+
+<td>Security Policy 9.1.3</td>
</tr>
</tbody>
</table>
-<figcaption>Table 5.5. Documents and Retention</figcaption>
-</figure>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.6">
-<h3>5.6. Key changeover</h3>
+<span class="figure">Table 5.5. Documents and Retention </span>
+</center>
+
+
+<h3 id="p5.6">5.6. Key changeover</h3>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s9.2">9.2</a> (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
+Refer to Security Policy 9.2 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.7">
-<h3>5.7. Compromise and disaster recovery</h3>
+<h3 id="p5.7">5.7. Compromise and disaster recovery</h3>
<p>
-Refer to Security Policy <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s5">5</a>, <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s6">6</a> (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
-(Refer to <a href="#p1.4">&sect;1.4</a> for limitations to service.)
+Refer to Security Policy 5, 6 (<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html">COD8</a>).
+(Refer to <a href="#p1.4">§1.4</a> for limitations to service.)
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.8">
-<h3>5.8. CA or RA termination</h3>
+<p></p>
-<section id="p5.8.1">
-<h4>5.8.1 CA termination</h4>
+<h3 id="p5.8">5.8. CA or RA termination</h3>
+
+<h4 id="p5.8.1">5.8.1. CA termination</h4>
<p>
In the event of operational termination, the
@@ -3209,13 +3543,8 @@ party for the sole purpose of issuing revocations.
Member information will be securely destroyed.
</p>
-<p>
-The CA cannot be transferrred to another organisation.
-</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p5.8.2">
-<h4>5.8.2 RA termination</h4>
+<h4 id="p5.8.2">5.8.2. RA termination</h4>
<p>
When an Assurer desires to voluntarily terminates
@@ -3227,41 +3556,29 @@ and following the instructions of the Arbitrator.
In the case of involuntary termination, the process is
the same, save for some other party filing the dispute.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p6">
-<h2>6. TECHNICAL SECURITY CONTROLS</h2>
-
+<h2 id="p6">6. TECHNICAL SECURITY CONTROLS</h2>
-<section id="p6.1">
-<h3>6.1. Key Pair Generation and Installation</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.1">6.1. Key Pair Generation and Installation</h3>
-<section id="p6.1.1">
-<h4>6.1.1. Key Pair Generation</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.1">6.1.1. Key Pair Generation</h4>
<p>
Subscribers generate their own Key Pairs.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.1.2">
-<h4>6.1.2. Subscriber Private key security</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.2">6.1.2. Subscriber Private key security</h4>
<p>
There is no technical stipulation on how Subscribers generate
and keep safe their private keys,
however, CCA 2.5 provides for general security obligations.
-See <a href="#p9.6">&sect;9.6</a>.
+See <a href="#p9.6">§9.6</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.1.3">
-<h4>6.1.3. Public Key Delivery to Certificate Issuer</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.3">6.1.3. Public Key Delivery to Certificate Issuer</h4>
<p>
Members login to their online account.
@@ -3270,26 +3587,26 @@ them into the appropriate window.
Public Keys are delivered in signed-CSR form
for X.509 and in self-signed form for OpenPGP.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.1.4">
-<h4>6.1.4. CA Public Key delivery to Relying Parties</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.4">6.1.4. CA Public Key delivery to Relying Parties</h4>
<p>
The CA root certificates are distributed by these means:
</p>
-<ul><li>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
Published on the website of CAcert,
in both HTTP and HTTPS.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Included in Third-Party Software such as
Browsers, Email-Clients.
Such suppliers are subject to the Third Party Vendor Agreement.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
+</li>
+</ul>
-<section id="p6.1.5">
-<h4>6.1.5. Key sizes</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.5">6.1.5. Key sizes</h4>
<p>
No limitation is placed on Subscriber key sizes.
@@ -3298,7 +3615,7 @@ No limitation is placed on Subscriber key sizes.
<p>
CAcert X.509 root and intermediate keys are currently 4096 bits.
X.509 roots use RSA and sign with the SHA-1 message digest algorithm.
-See <a href="#p4.3.1">&sect;4.3.1</a>.
+See <a href="#p4.3.1">§4.3.1</a>.
</p>
<p>
@@ -3310,18 +3627,16 @@ CAcert adds larger keys and hashes
in line with general cryptographic trends,
and as supported by major software suppliers.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.1.6">
-<h4>6.1.6. Public key parameters generation and quality checking</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p6.1.6">6.1.6. Public key parameters generation and quality checking</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.1.7">
-<h4>6.1.7. Key Usage Purposes</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.1.7">6.1.7. Key Usage Purposes</h4>
+
<p>
CAcert roots are general purpose.
@@ -3333,51 +3648,59 @@ Each root key may sign all of the general purposes
The website controls the usage purposes that may be signed.
This is effected by means of the 'template' system.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+
+<h3 id="p6.2">6.2. Private Key Protection and Cryptographic Module Engineering Controls</h3>
-<section id="p6.2">
-<h3>6.2. Private Key Protection and Cryptographic Module Engineering Controls</h3>
-<section id="p6.2.1">
-<h4>6.2.1. Cryptographic module standards and controls</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p6.2.1">6.2.1. Cryptographic module standards and controls</h4>
<p>
SubRoot keys are stored on a single machine which acts
-as a Cryptographic Module, or <em>signing server</em>.
+as a Cryptographic Module, or <i>signing server</i>.
It operates a single daemon for signing only.
The signing server has these security features:
</p>
-<ul><li>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
It is connected only by one
dedicated (serial USB) link
to the online account server.
It is not connected to the network,
nor to any internal LAN (ethernet),
nor to a console switch.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The protocol over the dedicated link is a custom, simple
request protocol that only handles certificate signing requests.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The daemon is designed not to reveal the key.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The daemon incorporates a dead-man switch that monitors
the one webserver machine that requests access.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The daemon shuts down if a bad request is detected.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The daemon resides on an encrypted partition.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The signing server can only be (re)started with direct
systems administration access.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Physical Access to the signing server is under dual control.
-</li></ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
-See <a href="#p5">&sect;5.</a> and the Security Policy 9.3.1.
+See §5. and the Security Policy 9.3.1.
</p>
<p>
@@ -3386,34 +3709,26 @@ modules have been tried and tested, and similar have been tested,
but have been found wanting, e.g., for short key lengths and
power restrictions.)
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p6.3">
-<h3>6.3. Other aspects of key pair management</h3>
-
-<section id="p6.3.1">
-<h4>6.3.1. Public key archival</h4>
+<h3 id="p6.3">6.3. Other aspects of key pair management</h3>
+<h4 id="p6.3.1">6.3.1. Public key archival</h4>
<p>
Subscriber certificates, including public keys,
are stored in the database backing the online system.
They are not made available in a public- or subscriber-accessible
-archive, see <a href="#p2">&sect;2</a>.
+archive, see §2.
They are backed-up by CAcert's normal backup procedure,
but their availability is a subscriber responsibility.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.3.2">
-<h4>6.3.2. Certificate operational periods and key pair usage periods</h4>
+<h4 id="p6.3.2">6.3.2. Certificate operational periods and key pair usage periods</h4>
<p>
The operational period of a certificate and its key pair
depends on the Assurance status of the Member,
-see <a href="#p1.4.5">&sect;1.4.5</a> and Assurance Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+see <a href="#p1.4.5">§1.4.5</a> and Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
</p>
<p>
@@ -3427,51 +3742,33 @@ Members based on current recommendations from the
and maximum limits in generally available software.
At time of writing this is 4096 bits.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p6.4">
-<h3>6.4. Activation data</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.4">6.4. Activation data</h3>
<p> No stipulation. </p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.5">
-<h3>6.5. Computer security controls</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.5">6.5. Computer security controls</h3>
<p>
Refer to Security Policy.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.6">
-<h3>6.6. Life cycle technical controls</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.6">6.6. Life cycle technical controls</h3>
<p>
-Refer to <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/SecurityManual#SOFTWARE_DEVELOPMENT">SM7 "Software Development"</a>.
+Refer to SM7 "Software Development".
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.7">
-<h3>6.7. Network security controls</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.7">6.7. Network security controls</h3>
<p>
-Refer to <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/SecurityManual#Network">SM3.1 "Logical Security - Network"</a>.
+Refer to SM3.1 "Logical Security - Network".
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p6.8">
-<h3>6.8. Time-stamping</h3>
+<h3 id="p6.8">6.8. Time-stamping</h3>
<p>
Each server synchronises with NTP.
No "timestamping" service is currently offered.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p7">
-<h2>7. CERTIFICATE, CRL, AND OCSP PROFILES</h2>
+<h2 id="p7">CERTIFICATE, CRL, AND OCSP PROFILES</h2>
<p>
CAcert defines all the meanings, semantics and profiles
@@ -3483,119 +3780,131 @@ incorporated, are not used by CAcert, and must not be implied
by the Member or the Non-related Person.
</p>
-<section id="p7.1">
-<h3>7.1. Certificate profile</h3>
-
-<section id="p7.1.1">
-<h4>7.1.1. Version number(s)</h4>
+<h3 id="p7.1">7.1. Certificate profile</h3>
+<h4 id="p7.1.1">7.1.1. Version number(s)</h4>
<p>
Issued X.509 certificates are of v3 form.
The form of the PGP signatures depends on several factors, therefore no stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.2">
-<h4>7.1.2. Certificate extensions</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.2">7.1.2. Certificate extensions</h4>
<p>
Client certificates include the following extensions:
</p>
<ul>
- <li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
- <li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
- <li>extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,clientAuth,msEFS,msSGC,nsSGC</li>
- <li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
- <li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
+
+<li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
+
+<li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
+
+<li>extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,clientAuth,msEFS,msSGC,nsSGC</li>
+
+<li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
+
+<li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
with the URI where the certificate revocation list relating to the
certificate is found</li>
- <li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">&sect;3.1.1.</a>).</li>
+
+<li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">§3.1.1.</a>).</li>
</ul>
+
<p>
Server certificates include the following extensions:
</p>
<ul>
- <li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
- <li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
- <li>extendedKeyUsage=clientAuth,serverAuth,nsSGC,msSGC</li>
- <li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
- <li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
+
+<li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
+
+<li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
+
+<li>extendedKeyUsage=clientAuth,serverAuth,nsSGC,msSGC</li>
+
+<li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
+
+<li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
with the URI where the certificate revocation list relating to the
certificate is found</li>
- <li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">&sect;3.1.1.</a>).</li>
+
+<li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">§3.1.1.</a>).</li>
</ul>
<p>
Code-Signing certificates include the following extensions:
</p>
<ul>
- <li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
- <li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
- <li>extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,clientAuth,codeSigning,msCodeInd,msCodeCom,msEFS,msSGC,nsSGC</li>
- <li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
- <li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
+
+<li>basicConstraints=CA:FALSE (critical)</li>
+
+<li>keyUsage=digitalSignature,keyEncipherment,keyAgreement (critical)</li>
+
+<li>extendedKeyUsage=emailProtection,clientAuth,codeSigning,msCodeInd,msCodeCom,msEFS,msSGC,nsSGC</li>
+
+<li>authorityInfoAccess = OCSP;URI:http://ocsp.cacert.org</li>
+
+<li>crlDistributionPoints=URI:&lt;crlUri&gt; where &lt;crlUri&gt; is replaced
with the URI where the certificate revocation list relating to the
certificate is found</li>
- <li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">&sect;3.1.1.</a>).</li>
+
+<li>subjectAltName=(as per <a href="#p3.1.1">§3.1.1.</a>).</li>
</ul>
<p>
OpenPGP key signatures currently do not include extensions.
In the future, a serial number might be included as an extension.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.3">
-<h4>7.1.3. Algorithm object identifiers</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p7.1.3">7.1.3. Algorithm object identifiers</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.4">
-<h4>7.1.4. Name forms</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.4">7.1.4. Name forms</h4>
<p>
-Refer to <a href="#p3.1.1">&sect;3.1.1</a>.
+Refer to <a href="#p3.1.1">§3.1.1</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.5">
-<h4>7.1.5. Name constraints</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.5">7.1.5. Name constraints</h4>
<p>
-Refer to <a href="#p3.1.1">&sect;3.1.1</a>.
+Refer to <a href="#p3.1.1">§3.1.1</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.6">
-<h4>7.1.6. Certificate policy object identifier</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.6">7.1.6. Certificate policy object identifier</h4>
<p>
The following OIDs are defined and should be incorporated
into certificates:
</p>
-<table border="1">
-<thead>
- <tr>
- <th>
+
+<table border="1" cellpadding="5">
+<tbody>
+<tr>
+
+<td>
OID
- </th>
- <th>
+ </td>
+
+<td>
Type/Meaning
- </th>
- <th>
+ </td>
+
+<td>
Comment
- </th>
+ </td>
</tr>
-</thead>
-<tbody>
- <tr>
- <th scope="row" class="l">
+<tr>
+
+<td>
1.3.6.1.4.1.18506.4.4
- </th>
- <td>
+ </td>
+
+<td>
Certification Practice Statement
</td>
- <td>
+
+<td>
(this present document)
</td>
</tr>
@@ -3605,107 +3914,78 @@ into certificates:
<p>
Versions are defined by additional numbers appended such as .1.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.7">
-<h4>7.1.7. Usage of Policy Constraints extension</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.7">7.1.7. Usage of Policy Constraints extension</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.8">
-<h4>7.1.8. Policy qualifiers syntax and semantics</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.8">7.1.8. Policy qualifiers syntax and semantics</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.1.9">
-<h4>7.1.9. Processing semantics for the critical Certificate Policies extension</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.1.9">7.1.9. Processing semantics for the critical Certificate Policies extension</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p7.2">
-<h3>7.2. CRL profile</h3>
-<section id="p7.2.1">
-<h4>7.2.1. Version number(s)</h4>
+<h3 id="p7.2">7.2. CRL profile</h3>
+<h4 id="p7.2.1">7.2.1. Version number(s)</h4>
<p>
CRLs are created in X.509 v2 format.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p7.2.2">
-<h4>7.2.2. CRL and CRL entry extensions</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.2.2">7.2.2. CRL and CRL entry extensions</h4>
<p>
No extensions.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-
-
-<section id="p7.3">
-<h3>7.3. OCSP profile</h3>
-
-<section id="p7.3.1">
-<h4>7.3.1. Version number(s)</h4>
+<h3 id="p7.3">7.3. OCSP profile</h3>
+<h4 id="p7.3.1">7.3.1. Version number(s)</h4>
<p>
The OCSP responder operates in Version 1.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p7.3.2">
-<h4>7.3.2. OCSP extensions</h4>
+<h4 id="p7.3.2">7.3.2. OCSP extensions</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
-</section>
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p8">
-<h2>8. COMPLIANCE AUDIT AND OTHER ASSESSMENTS</h2>
+<h2 id="p8">8. COMPLIANCE AUDIT AND OTHER ASSESSMENTS</h2>
<p>
There are two major threads of assessment:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt>Systems Audit</dt>
- <dd>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
+ <b>Systems Audit</b>.
Analyses the CA for business and operations security.
This is conducted in two phases: documents for compliance
with criteria, and operations for compliance with documentation.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Code Audit</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <b>Code Audit</b>.
Analyses the source code.
This is conducted at two levels:
Security concepts at the web applications level,
and source code security and bugs review.
- </dd>
-</dl>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
See the Audit page at
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Audit/">
-wiki.cacert.org/Audit/</a>
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Audit/">
+wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Audit/</a>
for more information.
</p>
-<section id="p8.1">
-<h3>8.1. Frequency or circumstances of assessment</h3>
+<h3 id="p8.1">8.1. Frequency or circumstances of assessment</h3>
<p>
The first audits started in late 2005,
and since then, assessments have been an
@@ -3714,20 +3994,19 @@ Even when completed, they are expected to
be permanent features.
</p>
-<ul><li>
- <strong>Systems Audit</strong>.
- </li><li>
- <strong>Code Audit</strong>.
-</li></ul>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p8.2">
-<h3>8.2. Identity/qualifications of assessor</h3>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ <b>Systems Audit</b>.
+ </li>
+<li>
+ <b>Code Audit</b>.
+</li>
+</ul>
-<dl>
+<h3 id="p8.2">8.2. Identity/qualifications of assessor</h3>
-<dt>Systems Auditors</dt>
-<dd>
+<p>
+<b>Systems Auditors.</b>
CAcert uses business systems auditors with broad experience
across the full range of business, information systems
and security fields.
@@ -3738,51 +4017,59 @@ compliance and regulatory environments,
business strategy, software engineering,
networks, law (including multijurisdictional issues),
identity systems, fraud, IT management.
-</dd>
+</p>
-<dt>Code Auditors</dt>
-<dd>
-See Security Policy, sections <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s7">7</a>, <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/SecurityPolicy.html#s9.1">9.1</a>.
-</dd>
-</dl>
-</section>
+<p>
+<b>Code Auditors.</b>
+See Security Policy, sections 7, 9.1.
+</p>
-<section id="p8.3">
-<h3>8.3. Assessor's relationship to assessed entity</h3>
+<h3 id="p8.3">8.3. Assessor's relationship to assessed entity</h3>
<p>
Specific internal restrictions on audit personnel:
</p>
-<ul><li>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
Must be Assured by CAcert Assurers
and must be background checked.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Must not have been active in any (other) role in CAcert.
Specifically, must not be an Assurer, a member of the association,
or in any other defined role or office.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Although the Auditor may be expected to undertake various
of the activities (Assurance, Training)
during the process of the audit, any results are frozen
until resignation as auditor is effected.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
The Auditor is required to declare to CAcert all
potential conflicts of interest on an ongoing basis.
-</li></ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
Specific external restrictions on audit personnel:
</p>
-<ul><li>
+
+<ul>
+<li>
Should have a verifiable and lengthy history in
user privacy and user security.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Must not have worked for a competitive organisation.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Must not have worked for national security, intelligence,
LEO or similar agencies.
-</li></ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
An Auditor may convene an audit team.
@@ -3791,44 +4078,39 @@ to all members of the team, but may be varied.
Any deviations must be documented and approved
by the CAcert Inc. Board.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p8.4">
-<h3>8.4. Topics covered by assessment</h3>
+<h3 id="p8.4">8.4. Topics covered by assessment</h3>
<p>
Systems Audits are generally conducted to criteria.
CAcert requires that the criteria are open:
</p>
-<dl>
- <dt>Published</dt>
- <dd>
- The criteria must be reviewable by all interested parties.
- </dd>
- <dt>Understandable</dt>
- <dd>
+<ul>
+<li>
+ Published.
+ The criteria must be reviewable by all interested parties.
+ </li>
+<li>
+ Understandable.
They should be understandable, in that they provide the
sufficient information in a readable form for interested
parties to follow the gist and importance.
(Arcane security criteria may stretch this requirement.)
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Complete</dt>
- <dd>
+ </li>
+<li>
+ Complete.
There must be sufficent background information that the
whole story is there. Especially, criteria that refer
to undocumented practices or conventions deliberately
kept secret must be avoided.
- </dd>
-
- <dt>Applicable</dt>
- <dd>
- The criteria should relate directly
+ </li>
+<li>
+ Applicable. The criteria should relate directly
and unambiguously to a need of the identified interested parties
(Members, Relying Parties, Subscribers, Assurers).
- </dd>
-</dl>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
See
@@ -3839,15 +4121,13 @@ follow the meet the above requirements, then the criteria
should be reworked to conform, or should be dropped
(both with explanatory notes).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p8.5">
-<h3>8.5. Actions taken as a result of deficiency</h3>
+<h3 id="p8.5">8.5. Actions taken as a result of deficiency</h3>
<p>
See the current
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Audit/Done">Audit Done list</a>
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Audit/Done">Audit Done list</a>
for work completed, and
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/AuditToDo">Audit Todo list</a>
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/AuditToDo">Audit Todo list</a>
for work in progress.
</p>
@@ -3867,92 +4147,75 @@ as the criteria, above.
<p>
The
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/AuditDirectives">
-wiki.cacert.org/AuditDirectives</a>
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/AuditDirectives">
+wiki.cacert.org/wiki/AuditDirectives</a>
documents issued directives and actions.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p8.6">
-<h3>8.6. Communication of results</h3>
+<h3 id="p8.6">8.6. Communication of results</h3>
<p>
Current and past Audit information is available at
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Audit/">wiki.CAcert.org/Audit/</a>.
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Audit/">wiki.CAcert.org/wiki/Audit/</a>.
CAcert runs an open disclosure policy and
Audit is no exception.
</p>
<p>
This CPS and other documents are subject to
-the process in Policy on Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html">COD1</a>).
+the process in Policy on Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">COD1</a>).
Audits cover the overall processes more
than any one document, and documents may vary
even as Audit reports are delivered.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+
<!-- *************************************************************** -->
-<section id="p9">
-<h2>9. OTHER BUSINESS AND LEGAL MATTERS</h2>
+<h2 id="p9">9. OTHER BUSINESS AND LEGAL MATTERS</h2>
+<h3 id="p9.1">9.1. Fees</h3>
-<section id="p9.1">
-<h3>9.1. Fees</h3>
<p>
The current fees structure is posted at
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Price">wiki.cacert.org/Price</a>.
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Price">wiki.cacert.org/wiki/Price</a>.
Changes to the fees structure will be announced
-from time to time on the <a href="https://blog.cacert.org/">blog</a>.
+from time to time on the <a href="http://blog.cacert.org/">blog</a>.
CAcert retains the right to charge fees for services.
All fees are non-refundable.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.2">
-<h3>9.2. Financial responsibility</h3>
+
+<h3 id="p9.2">9.2. Financial responsibility</h3>
<p>
Financial risks are dealt with primarily by
the Dispute Resolution Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php">COD7</a>).
</p>
-<section id="p9.2.1">
-<h4>9.2.1. Insurance coverage</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.2.1">9.2.1. Insurance coverage</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.2.2">
-<h4>9.2.2. Other assets</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.2.2">9.2.2. Other assets</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.2.3">
-<h4>9.2.3. Insurance or warranty coverage for end-entities</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.2.3">9.2.3. Insurance or warranty coverage for end-entities</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p9.3">9.3. Confidentiality of business information</h3>
-
-<section id="p9.3">
-<h3>9.3. Confidentiality of business information</h3>
-
-<section id="p9.3.1">
-<h4>9.3.1. Scope of confidential information</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.3.1">9.3.1. Scope of confidential information</h4>
<p>
CAcert has a policy of transparency and openness.
@@ -3962,35 +4225,23 @@ unless covered by specific policy provisions
(for example, passwords)
or rulings by Arbitrator.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4">
-<h3>9.4. Privacy of personal information</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.4">9.4. Privacy of personal information</h3>
<p>
Privacy is covered by the
-CCA (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>)
+CCA (COD9)
and the Privacy Policy
(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PrivacyPolicy.html">COD5</a>).
</p>
-<section id="p9.4.1">
-<h4>9.4.1. Privacy plan</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.1">9.4.1. Privacy plan</h4>
<p> No stipulation. </p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.2">
-<h4>9.4.2. Information treated as private</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.2">9.4.2. Information treated as private</h4>
<p>
Member's Date of Birth and "Lost Password" questions are treated as fully private.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.3">
-<h4>9.4.3. Information not deemed private</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.3">9.4.3. Information not deemed private</h4>
<p>
To the extent that information is put into an issued certificate,
that information is not deemed private,
@@ -4001,7 +4252,7 @@ Names, domains, email addresses, and certificate serial numbers.
</p>
<p>
Under Assurance Policy
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>)
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>)
the Member's status (as Assured, Assurer, etc) is available
to other Members.
</p>
@@ -4012,19 +4263,13 @@ generally deemed to be published as contributions by Members.
See
CCA1.3 (COD9).
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.4">
-<h4>9.4.4. Responsibility to protect private information</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.4">9.4.4. Responsibility to protect private information</h4>
<p>
CAcert is a privacy organisation
and takes privacy more seriously.
Any privacy issue may be referred to dispute resolution.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.5">
-<h4>9.4.5. Notice and consent to use private information</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.5">9.4.5. Notice and consent to use private information</h4>
<p>
Members are permitted to rely on certificates of other Members.
As a direct consequence of the general right to rely,
@@ -4033,29 +4278,18 @@ and/or the information within them, where duly presented in
a relationship, and to the extent necessary for
the agreed relationship.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.6">
-<h4>9.4.6. Disclosure pursuant to judicial or administrative process</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.6">9.4.6. Disclosure pursuant to judicial or administrative process</h4>
<p>
Any disclosure pursuant to process from foreign courts
(or similar)
is controlled by the Arbitrator.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.4.7">
-<h4>9.4.7. Other information disclosure circumstances</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.4.7">9.4.7. Other information disclosure circumstances</h4>
<p>
None.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.5">
-<h3>9.5. Intellectual property rights</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.5">9.5. Intellectual property rights</h3>
<p>
CAcert is committed to the philosophy of
@@ -4068,67 +4302,61 @@ and the commitment to security of Members,
some deviations are necessary.
</p>
-<section id="p9.5.1">
-<h4>9.5.1. Ownership and Licence</h4>
+
+<h4 id="p9.5.1">9.5.1. Ownership and Licence</h4>
<p>
Assets that fall under the control of CCS
must be transferred to CAcert.
See PoP 6.2
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html#s6.2">COD1</a>),
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php#6.2">COD1</a>),
CCA 1.3
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s1.3">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#1.3">COD9</a>).
That is, CAcert is free to use, modify,
distribute, and otherwise conduct the business
of the CA as CAcert sees fit with the asset.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.5.2">
-<h4>9.5.2. Brand</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.5.2">9.5.2. Brand</h4>
<p>
The brand of CAcert
is made up of its logo, name, trademark, service marks, etc.
Use of the brand is strictly limited by the Board,
and permission is required.
-See <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/TopMinutes-20070917">
+See <a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/TopMinutes-20070917">
m20070917.5</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.5.3">
-<h4>9.5.3. Documents</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.5.3">9.5.3. Documents</h4>
<p>
CAcert owns or requires full control over its documents,
especially those covered by CCS.
See PoP 6.2
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html#s6.2">COD1</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php#6.2">COD1</a>).
Contributors transfer the rights,
see CCA 1.3
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s1.3">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#1.3">COD9</a>).
Contributors warrant that they have the right to transfer.
</p>
<p>
Documents are generally licensed under free and open licence.
See
-<a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence">
-wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence</a>.
+<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence">
+wiki.cacert.org/wiki/PolicyDrafts/DocumentLicence</a>.
Except where explicitly negotiated,
CAcert extends back to contributors a
non-exclusive, unrestricted perpetual
licence, permitting them to to re-use
their original work freely.
See PoP 6.4
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html#s6.4">COD1</a>),
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php#6.4">COD1</a>),
CCA 1.3
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s1.3">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#1.3">COD9</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.5.4">
-<h4>9.5.4. Code</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.5.4">9.5.4. Code</h4>
<p>
CAcert owns its code or requires full control over code in use
@@ -4136,6 +4364,7 @@ by means of a free and open licence.
See CCS.
</p>
+
<p>
CAcert licenses its code under GPL.
CAcert extends back to contributors a
@@ -4143,89 +4372,69 @@ non-exclusive, unrestricted perpetual
licence, permitting them to to re-use
their original work freely.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.5.5">
-<h4>9.5.5. Certificates and Roots</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.5.5">9.5.5. Certificates and Roots</h4>
<p>
CAcert asserts its intellectual property rights over certificates
issued to Members and over roots.
See CCA 4.4
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s4.4">COD9</a>),
-CCS (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ConfigurationControlSpecification.html">COD2</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#4.4">COD9</a>),
+CCS.
The certificates may only be used by Members under
-<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s4.4">COD9</a>,
+<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#4.4">COD9</a>,
and,
by others under the licences offered,
such as
-Root Distribution License (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD14</a>).
+Non-Related Persons - Disclaimer and Licence
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p9.6">9.6. Representations and warranties</h3>
-<section id="p9.6">
-<h3>9.6. Representations and warranties</h3>
-
-<section id="p9.6.1">
-<h4>9.6.1. Members</h4>
-
<p>
+<b>Members.</b>
All Members of the Community agree to the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>),
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>),
which is the primary document for
representations and warranties.
Members include Subscribers, Relying Parties,
Registration Agents and the CA itself.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.6.2">
-<h4>9.6.2. RAs</h4>
<p>
+<b>RAs.</b>
Registration Agents are obliged additionally by Assurance Policy,
-especially <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html#s3.1">3.1</a>, <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html#s4.1">4.1</a>
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.html">COD13</a>).
+especially 3.1, 4.1
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/AssurancePolicy.php">COD13</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.6.3">
-<h4>9.6.3. CA</h4>
<p>
-The CA is obliged additionally by the CCS (<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ConfigurationControlSpecification.html">COD2</a>).
+<b>CA.</b>
+The CA is obliged additionally by the CCS.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.6.4">
-<h4>9.6.4. Third Party Vendors</h4>
<p>
+<b>Third Party Vendors.</b>
Distributors of the roots are offered the
-<span class="q">wip</span>
+
3rd-Party Vendors - Disclaimer and Licence
(3PV-DaL =&gt; CODx)
and are offered
-<span class="q">wip</span>
+
the same deal as Members to the extent that they agree
to be Members in the Community.
-<span class="q">wip</span>
-</p>
-</section>
-</section>
+</p>
-<section id="p9.7">
-<h3>9.7. Disclaimers of Warranties</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.7">9.7. Disclaimers of Warranties</h3>
<p>
Persons who have not accepted the above Agreements are offered the
-Root Distribution License (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD14</a>).
-
+Non-Related Persons - Disclaimer and Licence
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>).
Any representations and
warranties are strictly limited to nominal usage.
In essence, NRPs may USE but must not RELY.
@@ -4237,12 +4446,12 @@ and within the context of CAcert as a community CA,
all parties should understand that CAcert
and its Subscribers, Assurers and other roles
provide service on a Best Efforts basis.
-See <a href="#p1.4">&sect;1.4</a>.
+See <a href="#p1.4">§1.4</a>.
CAcert seeks to provide an adequate minimum
level of quality in operations for its Members
without undue risks to NRPs.
See
-<a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/principles.html">Principles</a>.
+<a href="http://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/principles.html">Principles</a>.
</p>
<p>
@@ -4251,126 +4460,102 @@ makes no Warranty nor Guarantee nor promise
that the service or certificates are adequate
for the needs and circumstances.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.8">
-<h3>9.8. Limitations of liability</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.8">9.8. Limitations of liability</h3>
-<section id="p9.8.1">
-<h4>9.8.1 Non-Related Persons </h4>
+<h3 id="p9.9">9.9. Non-Related Persons </h3>
<p>
CAcert on behalf of related parties
(RAs, Subscribers, etc) and itself
disclaims all liability to NRPs
in their usage of CA's certificates.
-See <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html">COD4</a>.
+See <a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/NRPDisclaimerAndLicence.php">COD4</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.8.2">
-<h4>9.8.2 Liabilities Between Members</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.10">9.10. Liabilities Between Members</h3>
<p>
Liabilities between Members
are dealt with by internal dispute resolution,
which rules on liability and any limits.
See
-<a href="#9.13">&sect;9.13</a>.
+<a href="#9.13">§9.13</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-<section id="p9.9">
-<h3>9.9. Indemnities</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.11">9.11. Indemnities</h3>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.10">
-<h3>9.10. Term and termination</h3>
-<section id="p9.10.1">
-<h4>9.10.1. Term</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.12">9.12. Term and termination</h3>
+<h4 id="p9.12.1">9.12.1. Term</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.10.2">
-<h4>9.10.2. Termination</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.12.2">9.12.2. Termination</h4>
<p>
Members file a dispute to terminate their agreement.
-See <a href="#p9.13">&sect;9.13</a> and CCA 3.3
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s3.3">COD9</a>).
+See <a href="#p9.13">§9.13</a> and CCA 3.3
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#3.3">COD9</a>).
</p>
<p>
-Documents are varied (including terminated) under <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html">COD1</a>.
+Documents are varied (including terminated) under <a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">COD1</a>.
</p>
<p>
-For termination of the CA, see <a href="#p5.8.1">&sect;5.8.1</a>.
+For termination of the CA, see <a href="#p5.8.1">§5.8.1</a>.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.10.3">
-<h4>9.10.3. Effect of termination and survival</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.12.3">9.12.3. Effect of termination and survival</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.11">
-<h3>9.11. Individual notices and communications with participants</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.13">9.13. Individual notices and communications with participants</h3>
<p>
All participants are obliged to keep their listed
primary email addresses in good working order.
See CCA 3.5
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s3.5">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#3.5">COD9</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.12">
-<h3>9.12. Amendments</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.14">9.14. Amendments</h3>
<p>
-Amendments to the CPS are controlled by <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html">COD1</a>.
+Amendments to the CPS are controlled by <a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">COD1</a>.
Any changes in Member's Agreements are notified under CCA 3.4
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s3.4">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php#3.4">COD9</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.13">
-<h3>9.13. Dispute resolution provisions</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.15">9.15. Dispute resolution provisions</h3>
<p>
CAcert provides a forum and facility for any Member
or other related party to file a dispute.
</p>
-<ul><li>
+<ul>
+<li>
The CAcert
Dispute Resolution Policy
- (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a>)
+ (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php">COD7</a>)
includes rules for dispute resolution.
- </li><li>
+ </li>
+<li>
Filing is done via email to
&lt; support AT cacert DOT org &gt;
-</li></ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
<p>
Members agree to file all disputes through CAcert's
@@ -4378,11 +4563,9 @@ forum for dispute resolution.
The rules include specific provisions to assist
non-Members, etc, to file dispute in this forum.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.14">
-<h3>9.14. Governing law</h3>
+<h3 id="p9.16">9.16. Governing law</h3>
<p>
The governing law is that of New South Wales, Australia.
@@ -4393,14 +4576,10 @@ law of the parties and events, where in common,
but this is unlikely because it may create results
that are at odds with the Community.
</p>
-</section>
+<h3 id="p9.17">9.17. Compliance with Applicable Law</h3>
-<section id="p9.15">
-<h3>9.15. Compliance with Applicable Law</h3>
-
-<section id="p9.15.1">
-<h4>9.15.1 Digital Signature Law</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.18">9.18. Digital Signature Law</h3>
<p>
The Commonwealth and States of Australia have passed
various Electronic Transactions Acts that speak to
@@ -4414,25 +4593,21 @@ This especially means that the signatures created by
certificates issued by CAcert are not in and of themselves
legally binding human signatures, at least according to
the laws of Australia.
-See <a href="#p1.4.3">&sect;1.4.3</a>.
+See <a href="#p1.4.3">§1.4.3</a>.
However, certificates may play a part in larger signing
-applications. See <a href="#p1.4.1">&sect;1.4.1</a> for "digital signing" certificates.
+applications. See <a href="#p1.4.1">§1.4.1</a> for "digital signing" certificates.
These applications may impose significant
obligations, risks and liabilities on the parties.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.15.2">
-<h4>9.15.2 Privacy Law</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.19">9.19. Privacy Law</h3>
<p>
See the Privacy Policy
(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PrivacyPolicy.html">COD5</a>).
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.15.3">
-<h4>9.15.3 Legal Process from External Forums</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.20">9.20. Legal Process from External Forums</h3>
<p>
CAcert will provide information about
@@ -4442,15 +4617,17 @@ from a court of competent jurisdiction.
Any requests made by legal subpoena are
treated as under the Dispute Resolution Policy
See
-<a href="#p9.13">&sect;9.13</a>
+<a href="#p9.13">§9.13</a>
and
-<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html">COD7</a>.
+<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php">COD7</a>.
That is, all requests are treated as disputes,
as only a duly empanelled Arbitrator has the
authorisation and authority to rule on the
such requests.
</p>
+<p>
+</p>
<p>
A subpoena should
include sufficient legal basis to support
@@ -4461,83 +4638,59 @@ and an indication as to whether the claimants are
Members or not
(and are therefore subject to Dispute Resolution Policy).
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-
-<section id="p9.16">
-<h3>9.16. Miscellaneous provisions</h3>
-
-<section id="p9.16.1">
-<h4>9.16.1. Entire agreement</h4>
+<h3 id="p9.21">9.21. Miscellaneous provisions</h3>
+<h4 id="p9.21.1">9.21.1. Entire agreement</h4>
<p>
All Members of the Community agree to the
CAcert Community Agreement
-(<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>).
+(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php">COD9</a>).
This agreement also incorporates other key
documents, being this CPS, DRP and PP.
-See <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html#s4.2">CCA 4.2</a>.
+See CCA 4.2.
</p>
<p>
The Configuration-Control Specification
is the set of policies that rule over the
Community, of which the above documents are part.
-See <a href="https://svn.cacert.org/CAcert/Policies/ConfigurationControlSpecification.html">COD2</a>.
+See COD2.
Documents that have reached full POLICY status
are located at
-<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/">
+<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/">
www.cacert.org/policy/</a>.
Although detailed practices may
be found in other places on the website
and on the wiki, the CCS documents that
have reached DRAFT and POLICY status are
-the ruling documents.<br />
+the ruling documents.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.16.2">
-<h4>9.16.2. Assignment</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.21.2">9.21.2. Assignment</h4>
<p>
-The rights within CCA (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.html">COD9</a>) may not be ordinarily assigned.
+The rights within CCA may not be ordinarily assigned.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.16.3">
-<h4>9.16.3. Severability</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.21.3">9.21.3. Severability</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.16.4">
-<h4>9.16.4. Enforcement (attorneys' fees and waiver of rights)</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.21.4">9.21.4. Enforcement (attorneys' fees and waiver of rights)</h4>
<p>
The Arbitrator will specify fees and remedies, if any.
</p>
-</section>
-<section id="p9.16.5">
-<h4>9.16.5. Force Majeure</h4>
+<h4 id="p9.21.5">9.21.5. Force Majeure</h4>
<p>
No stipulation.
</p>
-</section>
-
-</section>
-</section>
-
-
-<footer>
-<h2>---This is the end of the Policy---</h2>
-<p><a href="http://validator.w3.org/check?uri=referer"><img src="images/valid-html50-blue.png" alt="Valid HTML 5" height="31" width="88"></a></p>
-</footer>
+<h2 id="p10">---This is the end of the Policy---</h2>
</body>
</html>
diff --git a/www/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html b/www/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html
index 6c95953..b165401 100644
--- a/www/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html
+++ b/www/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.html
@@ -51,7 +51,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="TTP-Assist Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88" uri="file:///home/iphigenie/data/CAcert/Policy/Dispute%20Resulution%20Policy_draft_files/cacert-policy.png">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="DRP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88" uri="file:///home/iphigenie/data/CAcert/Policy/Dispute%20Resulution%20Policy_draft_files/cacert-policy.png">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html
index 25b7fc4..ab4f8c7 100644
--- a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html
+++ b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.html
@@ -31,7 +31,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CCA Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="OAP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
diff --git a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Australia.html b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Australia.html
index 2f55851..1317fbf 100644
--- a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Australia.html
+++ b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Australia.html
@@ -34,7 +34,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="PoP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="OAP AU Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Europe.html b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Europe.html
index 6a29481..5094943 100644
--- a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Europe.html
+++ b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Europe.html
@@ -37,7 +37,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="PoP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="OAP EU Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Germany.html b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Germany.html
index 2469fdc..fea4187 100644
--- a/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Germany.html
+++ b/www/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy_Germany.html
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="PoP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="OAP DE Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/PolicyOnJuniorAssurersMembers.html b/www/policy/PolicyOnJuniorAssurersMembers.html
index 85f182c..55d9ab4 100644
--- a/www/policy/PolicyOnJuniorAssurersMembers.html
+++ b/www/policy/PolicyOnJuniorAssurersMembers.html
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@
Status: POLICY <a href="https://wiki.cacert.org/PolicyDecisions#p20130222">p20130222</a><br />
Licence: <a style="color: steelblue" href="https://wiki.cacert.org/Policy#Licence" title="this document is Copyright &copy; CAcert Inc., licensed openly under CC-by-sa with all disputes resolved under DRP. More at wiki.cacert.org/Policy" > CC-by-sa+DRP </a><br />
</td><td class="r">
- <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html"><img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CAcert Policy Status - POLICY" height="31" width="88" style="border-style: none;" /></a>
+ <a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html"><img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="PoJAM Status - POLICY" height="31" width="88" style="border-style: none;" /></a>
</td>
</tr>
</table>
diff --git a/www/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html b/www/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html
index aaf1734..d4d548f 100644
--- a/www/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html
+++ b/www/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.html
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ th {
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CCA Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="PoP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html b/www/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html
index 0c07f56..2a2094b 100644
--- a/www/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html
+++ b/www/policy/RootDistributionLicense.html
@@ -27,7 +27,7 @@ Editor: Mark Lipscombe
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CCA Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="RDL Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/SecurityPolicy.html b/www/policy/SecurityPolicy.html
index b4332ea..632ac5e 100644
--- a/www/policy/SecurityPolicy.html
+++ b/www/policy/SecurityPolicy.html
@@ -33,7 +33,7 @@ body {
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="CCA Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="SP Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88">
</a>
</td>
</tr>
diff --git a/www/policy/TTPAssistedAssurancePolicy.html b/www/policy/TTPAssistedAssurancePolicy.html
index 0e8404a..8a76a71 100644
--- a/www/policy/TTPAssistedAssurancePolicy.html
+++ b/www/policy/TTPAssistedAssurancePolicy.html
@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@
</td>
<td align="right" valign="top">
<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php">
-<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="TTP-Assist Status - DRAFT" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88" uri="file:///home/iphigenie/data/CAcert/Policy/CAcert%20--%20TTP-Assisted%20Assurance%20Policy_draft_files/cacert-draft.bin">
+<img src="images/cacert-policy.png" alt="TTP-Assist Status - POLICY" style="border-style: none;" height="31" width="88" uri="file:///home/iphigenie/data/CAcert/Policy/CAcert%20--%20TTP-Assisted%20Assurance%20Policy_draft_files/cacert-draft.bin">
</a>
</td>