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-<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN">
-<html><head>
-<title>Assurance Policy</title>
-
-<meta name="CREATED" content="20080530;0">
-<meta name="CHANGEDBY" content="Teus Hagen">
-<meta name="CHANGED" content="20080709;12381800">
-<meta name="CREATEDBY" content="Ian Grigg">
-<meta name="CHANGEDBY" content="Teus Hagen">
-<meta name="CHANGEDBY" content="Robert Cruikshank">
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-</style></head>
-<body style="direction: ltr; color: rgb(0, 0, 0);" lang="en-GB">
-<h1>Assurance Policy for CAcert Community Members</h1>
-<p><a href="PolicyOnPolicy.php"><img src="/images/cacert-policy.png" id="graphics1" alt="CAcert Policy Status == POLICY" align="bottom" border="0" height="33" width="90"></a>
-<br>
-Editor: Teus Hagen<br>
-Creation date: 2008-05-30<br>
-Last change by: Iang<br>
-Last change date: 2009-01-08<br>
-Status: POLICY p20090105.2
-</p>
-
-<h2><a name="0">0.</a> Preamble</h2>
-<h3><a name="0.1">0.1.</a> Definition of Terms</h3>
-<dl>
-<dt><i>Member</i> </dt>
-<dd> A Member is an individual who has agreed to the CAcert
-Community Agreement
-(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php" target="_blank">CCA</a>)
-and has created successfully
-a CAcert login account on the CAcert web site. </dd>
-<dt> <i>Assurance</i> </dt>
-<dd> Assurance is the process by which a Member of CAcert
-Community (Assurer) identifies an individual (<span lang="en-US">Assuree</span>).
-</dd>
-<dt> <i>Prospective Member</i> </dt>
-<dd> An individual who participates in the process of Assurance,
-but has not yet created a CAcert login account. </dd>
-<dt> <i>Name</i> </dt>
-<dd> A Name is the full name of an individual.
-</dd>
-<dt> <i>Secondary Distinguishing Feature</i>
-</dt>
-<dd> An additional personal data item of the Member
-that assists discrimination from Members with similar full names.
-(Currently this is the Date of Birth (DoB).)
-</dd>
-</dl>
-
-<h3><a name="0.2">0.2.</a> The CAcert Web of Trust</h3>
-<p>
-In face-to-face meetings,
-an Assurer allocates a number of Assurance Points
-to the Member being Assured.
-CAcert combines the Assurance Points
-into a global <i>Web-of-Trust</i> (or "WoT").
-</p>
-<p>
-CAcert explicitly chooses to meet its various goals by
-construction of a Web-of-Trust of all Members.
-</p>
-
-<h3><a name="0.3">0.3.</a> Related Documentation</h3>
-<p>
-Documentation on Assurance is split between this
-Assurance Policy (AP) and the
-<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/AssuranceHandbook2" target="_blank">Assurance
-Handbook</a>. The policy is controlled by Configuration Control
-Specification
-(<a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/PolicyDrafts/ConfigurationControlSpecification" target="_blank">CCS</a>)
-under Policy on Policy
-(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php" target="_blank">PoP</a>)
-policy document regime. Because Assurance is an active area, much
-of the practice is handed over to the Assurance Handbook, which is
-not a controlled policy document, and can more easily respond to
-experience and circumstances. It is also more readable.
-</p>
-<p>
-See also Organisation Assurance Policy (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/OrganisationAssurancePolicy.php" target="_blank">OAP</a>)
-and CAcert Policy Statement (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.php" target="_blank">CPS</a>).
-</p>
-
-<h2><a name="1">1.</a> Assurance Purpose</h2>
-<p>The purpose of Assurance is to add confidence
-in the Assurance Statement made by the CAcert Community of a Member. </p>
-<p>With sufficient assurances, a Member may: (a) issue certificates
-with their assured Name included, (b) participate in assuring others,
-and (c) other related activities. The strength of these activities is
-based on the strength of the assurance. </p>
-
-<h3><a name="1.1">1.1.</a>The Assurance Statement</h3>
-<p>
-The Assurance Statement makes the following claims
-about a person:
-</p>
-<ol>
-<li>
-<p>The person is a bona fide Member. In other words, the
-person is a member of the CAcert Community as defined by the CAcert
-Community Agreement (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CAcertCommunityAgreement.php" target="_blank">CCA</a>); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>The Member has a (login) account with CAcert's on-line
-registration and service system; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>The Member can be determined from any CAcert certificate
-issued by the Account; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>The Member is bound into CAcert's Arbitration as defined
-by the CAcert Community Agreement; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Some personal details of the Member are known to CAcert:
-the individual Name(s), primary and other listed individual email
-address(es), secondary distinguishing feature (e.g. DoB). </p>
-</li>
-</ol>
-<p>The confidence level of the Assurance Statement is expressed by
-the Assurance Points. </p>
-<h3><a name="1.2">1.2.</a>Relying Party Statement</h3>
-<p>The primary goal of the Assurance Statement is for the express
-purpose of certificates to meet the needs of the <i>Relying Party
-Statement</i>, which latter is found in the Certification Practice
-Statement (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.php" target="_blank">CPS</a>).
-</p>
-<p>When a certificate is issued, some of the Assurance Statement may
-be incorporated, e.g. Name. Other parts may be implied, e.g.
-Membership, exact account and status. They all are part of the
-<i>Relying Party Statement</i>. In short, this means that other
-Members of the Community may rely on the information verified by
-Assurance and found in the certificate.</p>
-<p>In particular, certificates are sometimes considered to provide
-reliable indications of e.g. the Member's Name and email address. The
-nature of Assurance, the number of Assurance Points, and other
-policies and processes should be understood as limitations on any
-reliance. </p>
-<h2><a name="2">2.</a> The Member</h2>
-<h3><a name="2.1">2.1.</a> The Member's Name </h3>
-<p>
-At least one individual Name is recorded in the Member's
-CAcert login account. The general standard of a Name is:
-</p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>
-The Name should be recorded as written in a
-government-issued photo identity document (ID).
-</p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>
-The Name should be recorded as completely as possible.
-That is, including all middle names, any titles and extensions,
-without abbreviations, and without transliteration of characters.
-</p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>The Name is recorded as a string of characters,
-encoded in <span lang="en-US">unicode</span>
-transformation format.</p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<h3><a name="2.2">2.2.</a> Multiple Names and variations</h3>
-<p>
-In order to handle the contradictions in the above general standard,
-a Member may record multiple Names or multiple variations of a Name
-in her CAcert online Account.
-Examples of variations include married names,
-variations of initials of first or middle names,
-abbreviations of a first name,
-different language or country variations,
-and transliterations of characters in a name.
-</p>
-
-<h3><a name="2.3">2.3.</a> Status and Capabilities</h3>
-<p>
-A Name which has reached
-the level of 50 Assurance Points is defined as an Assured
-Name. An Assured Name can be used in a certificate issued by CAcert.
-A Member with at least one Assured Name has reached the Assured
-Member status.
-Additional capabilities are described in Table 1.
-</p>
-
-<blockquote>
-<p align="left"><font size="2"><i>Table 1:
-Assurance Capability</i></font></p>
-<table border="1" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0">
-<tbody>
-<tr>
-<td width="10%">
-<p align="left"><i>Minimum Assurance Points</i></p>
-</td>
-<td width="15%">
-<p align="left"><i>Capability</i></p>
-</td>
-<td width="15%">
-<p align="left"><i>Status</i></p>
-</td>
-<td width="60%">
-<p align="left"><i>Comment</i></p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr valign="top">
-<td>
-<p align="center">0</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Request Assurance</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Prospective Member</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Individual taking part of an
-Assurance, who does not have created a CAcert login account (yet). The
-allocation of Assurance Points is awaiting login account creation.</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr valign="top">
-<td>
-<p align="center">0</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Request unnamed certificates</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Member</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Although the Member's details are
-recorded in the account, they are not highly assured.</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr valign="top">
-<td>
-<p align="center">50</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Request named certificates</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Assured Member</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Statements of Assurance: the Name is
-assured to 50 Assurance Points or more</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr valign="top">
-<td>
-<p align="center">100</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Become an Assurer</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Prospective Assurer</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="left">Assured to 100 Assurance Points (or
-more) on at least one Name, and passing the Assurer Challenge.</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
-</blockquote>
-
-
-<p>
-A Member may check the status of another Member, especially
-for an assurance process.
-Status may be implied from information in a certificate.
-The number of Assurance Points for each Member is not published.
-</p>
-
-<p>
-The CAcert Policy Statement
-(<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/CertificationPracticeStatement.php" target="_blank">CPS</a>)
-and other policies may list other capabilities that rely on Assurance
-Points.
-</p>
-
-<h2><a name="3">3.</a> The Assurer</h2>
-<p>An Assurer is a Member with the following: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Is assured to a minimum of 100 Assurance Points; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Has passed the CAcert Assurer Challenge. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>The Assurer Challenge is administered by the Education Team on
-behalf of the Assurance Officer. </p>
-<h3><a name="3.1">3.1.</a> The Obligations of the Assurer</h3>
-<p>The Assurer is obliged to: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Follow this Assurance Policy; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Follow any additional rules of detail laid out by the
-CAcert Assurance Officer; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Be guided by the CAcert <a href="http://wiki.cacert.org/wiki/AssuranceHandbook2" target="_blank">Assurance Handbook</a> in their
-judgement; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Make a good faith effort at identifying and verifying
-Members; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Maintain the documentation on each Assurance; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Deliver documentation to Arbitration, or as otherwise
-directed by the Arbitrator; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Keep up-to-date with developments within the CAcert
-Community. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<h2><a name="4">4.</a> The Assurance</h2>
-<h3><a name="4.1">4.1.</a> The Assurance Process</h3>
-<p>The Assurer conducts the process of Assurance with each
-Member. </p>
-<p>The process consists of: </p>
-<ol>
-<li>
-<p>Voluntary agreement by both Assurer and Member or
-Prospective Member to conduct the Assurance; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Personal meeting of Assurer and Member or Prospective
-Member; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Recording of essential details on CAcert Assurance
-Programme form; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Examination of Identity documents by Assurer and
-verification of recorded details (the Name(s) and Secondary
-Distinguishing Feature, e.g., DoB); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Allocation of Assurance Points by Assurer; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Optional: supervision of reciprocal Assurance made by
-Assuree (Mutual Assurance); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Safekeeping of the CAcert Assurance Programme (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/cap.php" target="_blank">CAP</a>)
-forms by Assurer. </p>
-</li>
-</ol>
-<h3><a name="4.2">4.2.</a> Mutual Assurance</h3>
-<p>Mutual Assurance follows the principle of reciprocity. This
-means
-that the Assurance may be two-way, and that each member participating
-in the Assurance procedure should be able to show evidence of their
-identity to the other. </p>
-<p>In the event that an Assurer is assured by a Member who is not
-certified as an Assurer, the Assurer supervises the Assurance
-procedure and process, and is responsible for the results. </p>
-<p>Reciprocity maintains a balance between the (new) member and
-the
-Assurer, and reduces any sense of power. It is also an important aid
-to the assurance training for future Assurers. </p>
-
-<h3><a name="4.3">4.3.</a> Assurance Points</h3>
-<p>The Assurance applies Assurance Points to each Member which
-measure the increase of confidence in the Statement (above).
-Assurance Points should not be interpreted for any other purpose.
-Note that, even though they are sometimes referred to as <i>Web-of-Trust</i>
-(Assurance) Points, or <i>Trust</i> Points, the meaning
-of the word
-'Trust' is not well defined. </p>
-<p><i>Assurance Points Allocation</i><br>
-An Assurer can allocate a
-number of Assurance Points to the Member according to the Assurer's
-experience (Experience Point system, see below). The allocation of
-the maximum means that the Assurer is 100% confident in the
-information presented: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Detail on form, system, documents, person in accordance; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Sufficient quality identity documents have been checked; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Assurer's familiarity with identity documents; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>The Assurance Statement is confirmed. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>
-Any lesser confidence should result in less Assurance Points for a
-Name. If the Assurer has no confidence in the information presented,
-then <i>zero</i> Assurance Points may be allocated by the Assurer.
-For example, this may happen if the identity documents are totally
-unfamiliar to the Assurer. The number of Assurance Points from <i>zero</i>
-to <i>maximum</i> is guided by the Assurance Handbook
-and the judgement of the Assurer.
-If there is negative confidence the Assurer should consider
-filing a dispute.
-</p>
-<p>Multiple Names should be allocated Assurance Points
-independently within a single Assurance. </p>
-<p>
-A Member who is not an Assurer may award an Assurer in a
-reciprocal process a maximum of 2 Assurance Points, according to
-her judgement. The Assurer should strive to have the Member allocate
-according to the Member's judgement, and stay on the cautious side;
-the Member new to the assurance process
-should allocate <i>zero</i> Assurance Points
-until she gains some confidence in what is happening.
-</p>
-<p>
-In general, for a Member to reach 50 Assurance Points, the Member must
-have participated in at least two assurances, and
-at least one Name will have been assured to that level.
-</p>
-<p>
-To reach 100 Assurance
-Points, at least one Name of the Assured Member must have been
-assured at least three times.
-</p>
-<p>
-The maximum number of Assurance
-Points which can be allocated for an Assurance under this policy
-and under any act under any
-Subsidiary Policy (below) is 50 Assurance Points.
-</p>
-
-<h3><a name="4.4">4.4.</a> Experience Points</h3>
-<p>The maximum number of Assurance Points that may be awarded by
-an
-Assurer is determined by the Experience Points of the Assurer. </p>
-<blockquote>
-<p align="left"><font size="2"><i>Table 2:
-Maximum of Assurance Points </i></font>
-</p>
-<table border="1" cellpadding="2" cellspacing="0" width="15%">
-<tbody>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p><i>Assurer's Experience Points</i></p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p><i>Allocatable Assurance Points</i></p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">0</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">10</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">10</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">15</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">20</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">20</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">30</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">25</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">40</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">30</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-<tr>
-<td>
-<p align="center">&gt;=50</p>
-</td>
-<td>
-<p align="center">35</p>
-</td>
-</tr>
-</tbody>
-</table>
-</blockquote>
-<p>An Assurer is given a maximum of 2 Experience Points for every
-completed Assurance. On reaching Assurer status, the Experience
-Points start at 0 (zero). </p>
-<p>Less Experience Points (1) may be given for mass Assurance
-events,
-where each Assurance is quicker. </p>
-<p>Additional Experience Points may be granted temporarily or
-permanently to an Assurer by CAcert Inc.'s Committee (board), on
-recommendation from the Assurance Officer. </p>
-<p>Experience Points are not to be confused with Assurance
-Points. </p>
-<h3><a name="4.5">4.5.</a> CAcert Assurance Programme (CAP) form</h3>
-<p>The CAcert Assurance Programme (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/cap.php" target="_blank">CAP</a>)
-form requests the following details of each Member or Prospective
-Member: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Name(s), as recorded in the on-line account; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Primary email address, as recorded in the on-line account;
-</p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Secondary Distinguishing Feature, as recorded in the
-on-line account (normally, date of birth); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Statement of agreement with the CAcert Community
-Agreement; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Permission to the Assurer to conduct the Assurance
-(required for privacy reasons); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Date and signature of the Assuree. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>The CAP form requests the following details of the Assurer: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>At least one Name as recorded in the on-line account of
-the Assurer; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Assurance Points for each Name in the identity
-document(s); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Statement of Assurance; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Optional: If the Assurance is reciprocal, then the
-Assurer's email address and Secondary Distinguishing Feature are
-required as well; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Date, location of Assurance and signature of Assurer. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>The CAP forms are to be kept at least for 7 years by the
-Assurer. </p>
-<h2><a name="5">5.</a> The Assurance Officer</h2>
-<p>The Committee (board) of CAcert Inc. appoints an Assurance
-Officer
-with the following responsibilities: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Reporting to the Committee and advising on all matters to
-do with Assurance; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Training and testing of Assurers, in association with the
-Education Team; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Updating this Assurance Policy, under the process
-established by Policy on Policy (<a href="https://www.cacert.org/policy/PolicyOnPolicy.php" target="_blank">PoP</a>); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Management of all Subsidiary Policies (see below) for
-Assurances, under Policy on Policy; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Managing and creating rules of detail or procedure where
-inappropriate for policies; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Incorporating rulings from Arbitration into policies,
-procedures or guidelines; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Assisting the Arbitrator in any requests; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Managing the Assurer Handbook; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Maintaining a sufficient strength in the Assurance process
-(web-of-trust) to meet the agreed needs of the Community. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<h2><a name="6">6.</a> Subsidiary Policies</h2>
-<p>The Assurance Officer manages various exceptions and additional
-processes. Each must be covered by an approved Subsidiary Policy
-(refer to Policy on Policy =&gt; CAcert Official Document COD1).
-Subsidiary Policies specify any additional tests of knowledge
-required and variations to process and documentation, within the
-general standard stated here. </p>
-<h3><a name="6.1">6.1.</a> Standard</h3>
-<p>Each Subsidiary Policy must augment and improve the general
-standards in this Assurance Policy. It is the responsibility of each
-Subsidiary Policy to describe how it maintains and improves the
-specific and overall goals. It must describe exceptions and potential
-areas of risk. </p>
-
-<h3><a name="6.2">6.2.</a> High Risk Applications</h3>
-<p>In addition to the Assurance or Experience Points ratings set
-here and in other subsidiary policies, the Assurance Officer or policies can
-designate certain applications as high risk. If so, additional
-measures may be added to the Assurance process that specifically
-address the risks.</p>
-<p>Additional measures may include:
-</p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Additional information can be required in process of assurance: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>unique numbers of identity documents,</li>
-<li>photocopy of identity documents,</li>
-<li>photo of User,</li>
-<li>address of User.</li>
-</ul>
-<p>Additional Information is to be kept by Assurer, attached to
-CAcert Assurance Programme (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/cap.php" target="_blank">CAP</a>)
-form. Assurance Points allocation by this assurance is unchanged.
-User's CAcert login account should be annotated to record type of
-additional information;</p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Arbitration: </p>
-<ul>
-<li> Member to participate in Arbitration. This confirms
-their acceptance of the forum as well as trains in the process and
-import,
-</li>
-<li> Member to file Arbitration to present case. This
-allows Arbitrator as final authority;
-</li>
-</ul>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Additional training; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Member to be Assurer (at least 100 Assurance Points and
-passed Assurer Challenge); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Member agrees to additional specific agreement(s); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>Additional checking/auditing of systems data by CAcert
-support administrators. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p>Applications that might attract additional measures include
-code-signing certificates and administration roles. </p>
-<h2><a name="7">7.</a> Privacy</h2>
-<p>CAcert is a "privacy" organisation, and takes the
-privacy of its Members seriously. The process maintains the security
-and privacy of both parties. </p>
-<p>Information is collected primarily to make claims within the
-certificates requested by users and to contact the Members. It is
-used secondarily for training, testing, administration and other
-internal purposes. </p>
-<p>The Member's information can be accessed under these
-circumstances: </p>
-<ul>
-<li>
-<p>Under Arbitrator ruling, in a duly filed dispute (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/policy/DisputeResolutionPolicy.php" target="_blank">Dispute Resolution Policy</a>
-=&gt; COD7); </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>An Assurer in the process of an Assurance, as permitted on
-the CAcert Assurance Programme (<a href="http://www.cacert.org/cap.php" target="_blank">CAP</a>)
-form; </p>
-</li>
-<li>
-<p>CAcert support administration and CAcert systems
-administration when operating under the authority of Arbitrator or
-under CAcert policy. </p>
-</li>
-</ul>
-<p><a href="http://validator.w3.org/check?uri=referer"><img src="/images/valid-xhtml11-blue" id="graphics2" alt="Valid XHTML 1.1" align="bottom" border="0" height="33" width="90"></a>
-</p>
-</body></html>
-
+<?php
+header('HTTP/1.0 301 Moved Permanently');
+header('Location: AssurancePolicy.html');
+exit(); \ No newline at end of file